Thomas Ellenberger

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Alignments of 105 site-specific recombinases belonging to the Int family of proteins identified extended areas of similarity and three types of structural differences. In addition to the previously recognized conservation of the tetrad R-H-R-Y, located in boxes I and II, several newly identified sequence patches include charged amino acids that are highly(More)
Mutations in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene SRS2 result in the yeast's sensitivity to genotoxic agents, failure to recover or adapt from DNA damage checkpoint-mediated cell cycle arrest, slow growth, chromosome loss, and hyper-recombination. Furthermore, double mutant strains, with mutations in DNA helicase genes SRS2 and SGS1, show low viability that(More)
A new group of error-prone DNA polymerases overcomes the blockage posed to normal DNA replication by damaged template bases, suggesting an active site with a loose, flexible pocket that accommodates aberrant DNA structures. We have determined a 2.8 A resolution crystal structure of the Sulfolobus solfataricus Dbh protein, a DNA translesion polymerase(More)
The Escherichia coli Rob protein is a transcription factor belonging to the AraC/XylS protein family that regulates genes involved in resistance to antibiotics, organic solvents and heavy metals. The genes encoding these proteins are activated by the homologous proteins MarA and SoxS, although the level of activation can vary for the different transcription(More)
Amplification of the H region has been previously observed in methotrexate (MTX)-resistant strains of Leishmania major and in unselected laboratory stocks of L. tarentolae. We now show that selection of L. major with the structurally unrelated drugs primaquine or terbinafine generated resistant lines exhibiting H region amplification and 23- and 12-fold(More)
Lambda integrase is archetypic of site-specific recombinases that catalyze intermolecular DNA rearrangements without energetic input. DNA cleavage, strand exchange, and religation steps are linked by a covalent phosphotyrosine intermediate in which Tyr342 is attached to the 3'-phosphate of the DNA cut site. The 1.9 angstrom crystal structure of the(More)
The methotrexate (MTX) and folate transport properties of five MTX-resistant lines of Leishmania major have been examined. These resistant lines all show a decreased Vmax for MTX influx, with no change in apparent affinity (Kt). The Vmax of folate influx is also proportionately decreased without alteration in Kt, supporting our proposal that there is a(More)
Promastigotes of the protozoan parasite Leishmania major exhibit high affinity uptake of folate (Kt = 0.7 microM) and methotrexate (MTX) (Kt = 1.8 microM) which is saturable and sensitive to metabolic poisons. Influx of folate and MTX is competitively inhibited by 5-formyltetrahydrofolate and p-aminobenzoic acid-glutamate, but not by(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthetase (DHFR-TS) gene of the protozoan parasite Leishmania major (dihydrofolate reductase, EC 1.5.1.3 and thymidylate synthase, EC 2.1.1.45). The DHFR-TS protein is encoded by a single 1560-base-pair open reading frame within genomic DNA, in contrast to vertebrate(More)
Mutants of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae SRS2 gene are hyperrecombinogenic and sensitive to genotoxic agents, and they exhibit a synthetic lethality with mutations that compromise DNA repair or other chromosomal processes. In addition, srs2 mutants fail to adapt or recover from DNA damage checkpoint-imposed G2/M arrest. These phenotypic consequences of(More)