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Three experiments were performed to determine how an error signal for driving saccadic adaptation is derived from visual information processing. The first experiment demonstrated that an intrasaccadic displacement of a visual background does not influence saccadic adaptation when a small foveal target is used. The second experiment showed that when a(More)
Saccade characteristics in response to moving and stationary targets were studied in three monkeys (Macaca mulatta) that had been trained to look at a target, which after an initial jump either remained in place or moved forward or backward with constant velocity (10 degrees /s). Eye movements were recorded using a search coil. The contribution of smooth(More)
This study investigated whether the cerebellum is essential for rapid saccade adaptation. Saccade adaptation was elicited by 30% backward target steps during the primary saccade. Patients with cerebellar lesions adapted less than normal subjects, but saccade adaptation was most impaired in the group of patients with cerebellar degeneration. As the(More)
We tested the ability of normal subjects to make changes in the conjugacy of their saccades. Subjects dichoptically viewed a grid the size of which was 10% larger in one eye. The grids were centred onto a flat screen at 57 cm or 1 m from the subject. Horizontal saccades immediately became larger in the eye viewing the larger grid. For some subjects this(More)
Eye-hand coordination was investigated with the global effect paradigm. In this paradigm, saccades typically land in between the target and a nearby presented distractor, the configuration's center of gravity. This so-called global effect, or spatial averaging, is attributed to incomplete target selection. Four experiments demonstrated a similar effect for(More)
We analyzed the relation between position and amplitude errors during the performance of sequences of saccades to previously memorized target positions in complete darkness. Although a complete compensation (on the average) for fixation errors was observed, groups of successive saccades could be identified which showed propagation of position errors. These(More)
The way in which saccadic eye movements are elicited influences their latency and accuracy. Accordingly, different tasks elicit different types of saccades. Using the tasks steps, gap, memory, scanning and antisaccade, we analyzed combined eye and hand movements to determine whether both motor systems share control strategies. Errors and latencies were(More)
Disconjugate (different in the two eyes) oculomotor adaptation is driven by the need to maintain binocular vision. Since binocular vision is deficient in strabismus, we wondered whether oculomotor disconjugate adaptive capabilities are deficient in such subjects. We studied eight adult subjects with constant, long-standing convergent strabismus of variable(More)
Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (GTS) is presumed to be an inherited disorder with an unclear pathophysiology. An involvement of the basal ganglia is suspected. Besides vocal tics, one of the main symptoms is the presence of motor tics. As eye movements are a specialized part of the motor system, we investigated whether they differed in some typical way in(More)
Reaching movements are often used to study the effectiveness of motor control processes with respect to the final position of arm and hand. Empirical evidence shows that different targets can be grasped with similar final position accuracy. However, movements that achieve similar accuracy at their final position may nevertheless be controlled differently.(More)