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Three experiments were performed to determine how an error signal for driving saccadic adaptation is derived from visual information processing. The first experiment demonstrated that an intrasaccadic displacement of a visual background does not influence saccadic adaptation when a small foveal target is used. The second experiment showed that when a(More)
A shift of the visual attention focus is known to precede saccades. However, how the metrics of both this presaccadic attention shift and the saccade are coupled is still unclear. We altered the saccade size by short-term saccadic adaptation to determine whether the attention focus would still be shifted to the location of the saccade target or to the(More)
The way in which saccadic eye movements are elicited influences their latency and accuracy. Accordingly, different tasks elicit different types of saccades. Using the tasks steps, gap, memory, scanning and antisaccade, we analyzed combined eye and hand movements to determine whether both motor systems share control strategies. Errors and latencies were(More)
Saccade characteristics in response to moving and stationary targets were studied in three monkeys (Macaca mulatta) that had been trained to look at a target, which after an initial jump either remained in place or moved forward or backward with constant velocity (10 degrees /s). Eye movements were recorded using a search coil. The contribution of smooth(More)
This study investigated whether the cerebellum is essential for rapid saccade adaptation. Saccade adaptation was elicited by 30% backward target steps during the primary saccade. Patients with cerebellar lesions adapted less than normal subjects, but saccade adaptation was most impaired in the group of patients with cerebellar degeneration. As the(More)
Downbeat nystagmus (DN), a fixation nystagmus with the fast phases directed downward, is usually caused by cerebellar lesions, but the precise etiology is not known. A disorder of the smooth-pursuit system or of central vestibular pathways has been proposed. However, both hypotheses fail to explain why DN is usually accompanied by gaze-holding nystagmus,(More)
We tested the ability of normal subjects to make changes in the conjugacy of their saccades. Subjects dichoptically viewed a grid the size of which was 10% larger in one eye. The grids were centred onto a flat screen at 57 cm or 1 m from the subject. Horizontal saccades immediately became larger in the eye viewing the larger grid. For some subjects this(More)
Eye-hand coordination was investigated with the global effect paradigm. In this paradigm, saccades typically land in between the target and a nearby presented distractor, the configuration's center of gravity. This so-called global effect, or spatial averaging, is attributed to incomplete target selection. Four experiments demonstrated a similar effect for(More)
A distractor presented nearby the target of a goal-directed short latency saccade leads to spatial averaging, that is, the saccade lands between the target and the distractor. This so-called global effect is a characteristic feature of the spatial processing underlying the programming of saccadic eye movements. To determine whether this effect of near(More)
We analyzed the relation between position and amplitude errors during the performance of sequences of saccades to previously memorized target positions in complete darkness. Although a complete compensation (on the average) for fixation errors was observed, groups of successive saccades could be identified which showed propagation of position errors. These(More)