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Three experiments were performed to determine how an error signal for driving saccadic adaptation is derived from visual information processing. The first experiment demonstrated that an intrasaccadic displacement of a visual background does not influence saccadic adaptation when a small foveal target is used. The second experiment showed that when a(More)
A shift of the visual attention focus is known to precede saccades. However, how the metrics of both this presaccadic attention shift and the saccade are coupled is still unclear. We altered the saccade size by short-term saccadic adaptation to determine whether the attention focus would still be shifted to the location of the saccade target or to the(More)
The way in which saccadic eye movements are elicited influences their latency and accuracy. Accordingly, different tasks elicit different types of saccades. Using the tasks steps, gap, memory, scanning and antisaccade, we analyzed combined eye and hand movements to determine whether both motor systems share control strategies. Errors and latencies were(More)
Downbeat nystagmus (DN), a fixation nystagmus with the fast phases directed downward, is usually caused by cerebellar lesions, but the precise etiology is not known. A disorder of the smooth-pursuit system or of central vestibular pathways has been proposed. However, both hypotheses fail to explain why DN is usually accompanied by gaze-holding nystagmus,(More)
Eye-hand coordination was investigated with the global effect paradigm. In this paradigm, saccades typically land in between the target and a nearby presented distractor, the configuration's center of gravity. This so-called global effect, or spatial averaging, is attributed to incomplete target selection. Four experiments demonstrated a similar effect for(More)
We tested the ability of normal subjects to make changes in the conjugacy of their saccades. Subjects dichoptically viewed a grid the size of which was 10% larger in one eye. The grids were centred onto a flat screen at 57 cm or 1 m from the subject. Horizontal saccades immediately became larger in the eye viewing the larger grid. For some subjects this(More)
Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (GTS) is presumed to be an inherited disorder with an unclear pathophysiology. An involvement of the basal ganglia is suspected. Besides vocal tics, one of the main symptoms is the presence of motor tics. As eye movements are a specialized part of the motor system, we investigated whether they differed in some typical way in(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has been shown to be an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). The intraoperative positioning of DBS electrodes and postoperative adjustment of the stimulation parameters, however, require continuous, precise evaluation. Moreover, ambulatory measurements of the symptoms would also help(More)
Two- and three-dimensional analyses of nicotine-induced eye movements were performed in 53 subjects to evaluate whether they were primarily of vestibular or ocular motor origin. Nicotine-induced nystagmus was detected in 27 subjects (51%); in 25 of these (93%) it was modulated by otolith input. Three-dimensional analysis of nicotine-induced nystagmus(More)
We analyzed the relation between position and amplitude errors during the performance of sequences of saccades to previously memorized target positions in complete darkness. Although a complete compensation (on the average) for fixation errors was observed, groups of successive saccades could be identified which showed propagation of position errors. These(More)