Thomas E. Oxman

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Using a two-stage case identification process, patients from a rural primary care practice were assessed for psychiatric disorders (Research Diagnostic Criteria [RDC] categories) over a 15-month period. The prevalence of all psychiatric disorders was 26.5%; 10.0% were specific RDC depressive disorders, and 5.3% were disorders without depression, usually(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of social support and religion to mortality after elective open heart surgery in older patients. Of the 232 patients included in the study, 21 died within 6 months of surgery. Three biomedical variables were significant predictors of mortality and selected as adjustment variables for a multivariate(More)
OBJECTIVE The researchers evaluated the effectiveness of paroxetine and Problem-Solving Treatment for Primary Care (PST-PC) for patients with minor depression or dysthymia. STUDY DESIGN This was an 11-week randomized placebo-controlled trial conducted in primary care practices in 2 communities (Lebanon, NH, and Seattle, Wash). Paroxetine (n=80) or placebo(More)
CONTEXT Insufficient evidence exists for recommendation of specific effective treatments for older primary care patients with minor depression or dysthymia. OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy in primary care settings among older persons with minor depression or dysthymia. DESIGN Randomized, placebo-controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the effectiveness of an evidence based model for management of depression in primary care with support from quality improvement resources. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING Five healthcare organisations in the United States and 60 affiliated practices. PATIENTS 405 patients, aged > or = 18 years, starting or(More)
The authors identified correlates of active suicidal ideation and passive death ideation in older primary care patients with depression, anxiety, and at-risk alcohol use. Participants included 2,240 older primary care patients (age 65+), who were identified in three mutually exclusive groups on the basis of responses to the Paykel suicide questions: No(More)
BACKGROUND U.S. military ground forces report high rates of war-related traumatic stressors, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression following deployment in support of recent armed conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Affected service members do not receive needed mental health services in most cases, and they frequently report stigma and(More)
PURPOSE AND METHODS We studied the sleep architecture and psychologic state of 32 patients with breast or lung cancer compared with 32 age- and sex-matched, normal-sleeping volunteers and 32 otherwise healthy insomniacs. RESULTS Research findings indicate that lung cancer patients slept as poorly as did insomniacs, but underreported their sleep(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to determine remission rates and predictors of improvement for minor depression following a 1-month watchful waiting period in primary care and to describe the watchful waiting processes. METHODS Prior to randomization into a clinical trial for minor depression, 111 participants were entered into a 1-month(More)
The authors conducted a critical review of the literature on interventions to improve provider recognition and management of mental disorders in primary care, searching the MEDLINE database for relevant articles published from 1966 through May 1998 and finding 48 usable controlled studies (27 randomized controlled trials and 21 quasi-experimental studies).(More)