Thomas E. Olencki

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BACKGROUND Merkel-cell carcinoma is an aggressive skin cancer that is linked to exposure to ultraviolet light and the Merkel-cell polyomavirus (MCPyV). Advanced Merkel-cell carcinoma often responds to chemotherapy, but responses are transient. Blocking the programmed death 1 (PD-1) immune inhibitory pathway is of interest, because these tumors often express(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a study to evaluate the role of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in the detection of distant metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-four patients with histologically proven clear-cell RCC undergoing surgical evaluation for possible resection of recurrent disease were(More)
Studies have demonstrated abnormalities of the CD3/T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) and pathways of signal transduction in T lymphocytes from animals and patients with advanced malignancy. Diminished expression of TCRzeta and p56(lck) that are associated with the TCR and reduced nuclear localization of RelA containing nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) complexes(More)
PURPOSE The precise molecular targets of IFN-alpha therapy of melanoma are unknown but likely involve signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 signal transduction within host immune effector cells. We hypothesized that intermediate and high doses of IFN-alpha would be equally effective in activating patient immune cells. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Interleukin-3 (IL-3) is one of the hematopoietic growth factors that regulates the growth and differentiation of pluripotent stem cells, thereby leading to the production of all the major blood cell types. The role of IL-3 in the regulation of pulmonary alveolar macrophage (PAM) production was investigated. IL-3 stimulated the proliferation and clonal(More)
Purpose Cabozantinib is an oral potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, MET, and AXL and is a standard second-line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). This randomized phase II multicenter trial evaluated cabozantinib compared with sunitinib as first-line therapy in patients with mRCC. Patients and Methods Eligible(More)
A phase II trial was conducted in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, to assess the clinical efficacy and immunoregulatory effects of continuous-infusion recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) (9.0 x 10(6) IU/m2/day on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, and 22-26) and subcutaneously administered recombinant human interferon-alpha 2b (rHuIFN alpha 2b) (10.0 x(More)
PURPOSE To examine the outcomes of patients with a single brain metastasis from radioresistant histologies (renal cell carcinoma and melanoma) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) with or without whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS We reviewed the medical records of 27 patients treated at our institution between 2000 and 2007(More)