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In previous studies, we found that chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) treatment-a model of ethanol consumption in which animals are exposed to and withdrawn from intoxicating levels of ethanol on a daily basis-produces neuroadaptive changes in hippocampal area CA1 excitatory synaptic transmission and plasticity. Synaptic responses mediated by(More)
The cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important mediator of inflammatory and immune responses in the periphery. IL-6 is produced in the periphery and acts systemically to induce growth and differentiation of cells in the immune and hematopoietic systems and to induce and coordinate the different elements of the acute-phase response. In addition to these(More)
In this study, we provide evidence for direct modulatory effects of the chemokine, CXCL10, on the physiology of hippocampal neurons maintained in primary culture. CXCL10 elicited a rise in intracellular Ca2+ and enhanced both spontaneous and evoked electrical activity of hippocampal neurons. CXCL10-induced elevations in intracellular Ca2+ were associated(More)
Severe stress elevates plasma and CNS levels of endogenous neuroactive steroids that can contribute to the influence of stress on memory formation. Among the neuroactive steroids, pregnenolone sulfate (PREGS) reportedly strengthens memories and is readily available as a memory-enhancing supplement. PREGS actions on memory may reflect its ability to produce(More)
Elevated expression of neuroinflammatory factors in the central nervous system (CNS) contributes to the cognitive impairment in CNS disorders such as injury, disease and neurodegenerative disorders. However, information on the role of specific neuroimmune factors in normal and abnormal CNS function is limited. In this study, we investigated the effects of(More)
Elevated levels of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) occur in a number of CNS disorders. However, little is known about how this condition affects CNS neuronal function. Transgenic mice that express elevated levels of IL-6 in the CNS show cognitive changes, increased propensity for hippocampal seizures and reduced number of inhibitory(More)
We investigated the neuroadaptive changes in synaptic transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus as a result of chronic intermittent ethanol exposure. Male Wistar rats were exposed daily (14 h) to ethanol vapors (blood alcohol levels = 150-200 mg%) for 12-14 days, and synaptic field potentials elicited by Schaffer collateral stimulation were compared(More)
Using electrophysiological and biochemical approaches, we investigated the effects of chronic, intermittent ethanol (CIE) treatment on activation of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK), also known as extracellular signal regulated protein kinase 1 and 2. In hippocampal slices taken from control rats, brief high-frequency stimulation to Schaffer(More)
The cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced by cells of the central nervous system (CNS) during a variety of neuroinflammatory states, in which it is thought to play a role in neuroprotection and/or neuropathology associated with neurological disease. In addition, CNS expression of IL-6 during non-pathological conditions may also occur, although the(More)
The cytokine interleukin-6 is produced at elevated levels within the central nervous system in a number of neurological diseases and has been proposed to contribute to the histopathologic, pathophysiologic, and cognitive deficits associated with such disorders. In order to determine the effects of chronic exposure of interleukin-6 on the physiology of(More)