Thomas E. Merchant

Learn More
BACKGROUND Therapy for ependymoma includes aggressive surgical intervention and radiotherapy administered by use of methods that keep the risk of side-effects to a minimum. We extended this treatment approach to include children under the age of 3 years with the aim of improving tumour control. METHODS Between July 11, 1997, and Nov 18, 2007, 153(More)
PURPOSE To review our institution's experience in the treatment of craniopharyngioma and assess the merits of initial therapy with limited surgery and irradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS The data of 30 patients (median age 8.6 years) with a diagnosis of craniopharyngioma between April 1984 and September 1997 were reviewed. Their course of treatment,(More)
Understanding the biology that underlies histologically similar but molecularly distinct subgroups of cancer has proven difficult because their defining genetic alterations are often numerous, and the cellular origins of most cancers remain unknown. We sought to decipher this heterogeneity by integrating matched genetic alterations and candidate cells of(More)
PURPOSE To describe clinical features, therapeutic approaches, and prognostic factors in pediatric patients with atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (ATRT) treated at St Jude Children's Research Hospital (SJCRH). PATIENTS AND METHODS Primary tumor samples from patients diagnosed with ATRT at SJCRH between July 1984 and June 2003 were identified. Pathology(More)
PURPOSE Radiation therapy of CNS tumors damages the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and normal brain tissue. Our aims were to characterize the short- and long-term effects of fractionated radiotherapy (FRT) on cerebral microvasculature in mice and to investigate the mechanism of change in BBB permeability in mice. METHODS AND MATERIALS Intravital microscopy and(More)
PURPOSE To examine two competing hypotheses relating to intellectual loss among children treated for medulloblastoma (MB): Children with MB either: (1) lose previously learned skills and information; or (2) acquire new skills and information but at a rate slower than expected compared with healthy same-age peers. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-four pediatric(More)
BACKGROUND The management of children with hypothalamic (H) and/or chiasmatic (C) tumors remains controversial. We evaluated the impact of clinical and neuroimaging parameters and primary therapy on overall (OS) and progression-free (PFS) survival and on neuroendocrine and neurocognitive outcome in children with H and/or C tumors. METHODS Records were(More)
As survival among children treated for cancer continues to improve, more attention is being focussed on the late effects of cancer treatment. In children treated for brain tumours, chronic neurocognitive effects are especially challenging. Deficits in cognitive development have been described most thoroughly among children treated for posterior-fossa(More)
PURPOSE This prospective, longitudinal study examined the effects of risk-adapted craniospinal irradiation (CSI) dose and the interactions of dose with age and time from diagnosis on intelligence quotient (IQ) and academic achievement (reading, spelling, and math) among patients treated for medulloblastoma (MB). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients received(More)
Clinical features and treatment of 36 consecutive pediatric patients with thalamic glial tumors confirmed by histology and characterized by neuroimaging were reviewed to identify prognostic factors. The median age at diagnosis was 10 years (range 1-18 years). Twenty-four patients had low-grade tumors (juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma n = 9, fibrillary(More)