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OBJECTIVES Implementation of the International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) coding system presents challenges for using administrative data. Recognizing this, we conducted a multistep process to develop ICD-10 coding algorithms to define Charlson and Elixhauser comorbidities in administrative data(More)
Modern techniques have defined the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN) as a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. This includes a rare variant with X-linked dominant inheritance. We have traced this disorder through 6 generations of a large Canadian kindred; neurological and electrophysiological examinations were performed in 57 family(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of carotid endarterectomy for stroke prevention in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients with internal carotid artery stenosis. Additional clinical scenarios, such as use of endarterectomy combined with cardiac surgery, are also reviewed. METHODS The authors selected nine important clinical questions. A systematic search(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Medical and neurological complications after acute ischemic stroke may adversely impact outcome and in some cases may be preventable. Limited data exist regarding the frequency of such complications occurring in the first days after the ictus and the relationship of these complications to outcome. Our objective was to identify the(More)
Thirty patients with definite or probable chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) of chronic progressive (16 patients) or relapsing (14 patients) course were randomly assigned to receive intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg) 0.4 g per kg body weight or a placebo treatment on 5 consecutive days in a double-blind, cross-over trial.(More)
When multiple sclerosis (MS) presents late in life (after the age of 50), it frequently gives diagnostic difficulty. In a large MS clinic population (N = 838), 9.4% of the patients had late onset of MS. Slow deterioration of motor function characterized the initial symptoms and subsequent course of this group of older patients. Progression of disability was(More)
Eighteen patients with definite, untreated chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) of chronic progressive (nine patients) or relapsing course (nine patients) were randomized prospectively to receive 10 plasma-exchange (PE) or sham plasma-exchange (SPE) treatments over 4 weeks in a double-blind trial. After a wash-out period of 5(More)
Five patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute Guillain-Barré polyneuropathy (GBP) had electrically inexcitable motor nerves. All were quadriplegic. One patient died and 3 of the 4 survivors showed poor recovery. Autopsy studies on the patient who died showed severe axonal degeneration in nerve roots and distal nerves without inflammation or(More)
Four cases of severe acute Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) characterized by severe axonal degeneration are presented. All had electrically inexcitable motor nerves as early as 4 days after onset. The disease was rapid in onset and the residual disability was severe. Two different types of pathology were seen. Nerve biopsies in 3 cases showed severe axonal(More)