Thomas E. Dufresne

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The deterioration of trabecular microarchitecture induced by elevated bone turnover is increasingly recognized as a factor in the pathogenesis of osteoporotic fractures. We investigated the effect of the reduction of turnover with risedronate on trabecular architecture in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Iliac crest bone biopsy specimens taken before(More)
Risedronate reduces the risk of vertebral fractures by up to 70% within the first year of treatment. Increases in bone mineral density or decreases in bone turnover markers explain only a portion of the anti-fracture effect, suggesting that other factors, such as changes in trabecular bone architecture, also play a role. Our objective was to determine the(More)
The study objective was to analyze the three-dimensional (3D) trabecular architecture and mechanical properties in vertebral specimens of young and mature Sinclair minipigs to assess the relative contribution of architecture to bone strength. We used 3D magnetic resonance microimaging (MRmicroI) and direct image analysis to evaluate a set of standard(More)
During embryonic development, the growth of blood vessels requires the coordinated activation of endothelial receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) such as vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) and Tie-2. Similarly, in adulthood, activation of endothelial RTKs has been shown to enhance development of the collateral circulation and improve blood(More)
The primary goal of our study was to determine changes in bone mineralization in postmenopausal osteoporotic women treated for 3 years with risedronate or placebo. A secondary goal was to determine the relationship between mineralization and indices of bone turnover measured on the same biopsies. The degree of mineralization was measured by micro-computed(More)
With the proportion of elderly people increasing in many countries, osteoporosis has become a growing public health problem, with rising medical, social, and economic consequences. It is well recognized that a combination of low bone mass and the deterioration of the trabecular architecture underlies osteoporotic fractures. A comprehensive understanding of(More)
The objective of the study was to assess the time course of changes in bone mineralization and architecture using sequential triple biopsies from women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) who received long-term treatment with risedronate. Transiliac biopsies were obtained from the same subjects (n = 7) at baseline and after 3 and 5 years of treatment(More)
Risedronate reduces the risk of new vertebral fractures up to 70% within 1 year of treatment in patients with osteoporosis. Both increases in bone mass and preservation of bone architecture are thought to contribute to antifracture effects. Our objectives were to determine the effects of risedronate on trabecular bone mass and architecture and to determine(More)
Automated three-dimensional (3-D) image analysis methods are presented for rapid and effective analysis of populations of fluorescently labeled cells or nuclei in thick tissue sections that have been imaged three dimensionally using a confocal microscope. The methods presented here greatly improve upon our earlier work (Roysam et al.:J Microsc 173: 115-126,(More)
The quantification of three dimensional (3D) properties of coronary arteries is of significant importance. The performance of the 3D analysis is critically based on low-level representation of the arterial tree for different projections. A skeletal representation of arteries can provide appropriate data structure for registration of multiple angiographic(More)