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BACKGROUND Patients with thalassemia major require iron chelation therapy (ICT) to prevent complications from transfusional iron overload. Deferoxamine is effective, but requires administration as a slow continuous subcutaneous or intravenous infusion five to seven times per week. Deferiprone is a three-times-daily oral iron chelator, but has limited(More)
BACKGROUND Deferasirox is a recently approved once-daily oral iron chelator that has been shown to reduce liver iron concentrations and serum ferritin levels to a similar extent as infusional deferoxamine. OBJECTIVE To determine the cost effectiveness of deferasirox versus deferoxamine in patients with beta-thalassaemia major from a US healthcare system(More)
Deferoxamine mesylate (DFO) reduces morbidity and mortality associated with transfusional iron overload. Data on the utilization and costs of care among U.S. patients receiving DFO in typical clinical practice are limited however. This was a retrospective study using a large U.S. health insurance claims database spanning 1/97-12/04 and representing 40(More)
BACKGROUND The cost-effectiveness of first-line treatment with lapatinib plus letrozole for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive (hr+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (her2+) metastatic breast cancer (mbc) has not been assessed from the Canadian health care system and societal perspectives. METHODS A partitioned survival(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cost effectiveness of dabrafenib versus dacarbazine and vemurafenib as first-line treatments in patients with BRAF V600 mutation-positive unresectable or metastatic melanoma from a Canadian healthcare system perspective. METHODS A partitioned-survival analysis model with three mutually exclusive health states (pre-progression,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Genital ulcer disease (GUD) has been reported to increase the risk for the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Although many investigators have reported an increased risk for HIV infection in persons with concurrent or previous GUD, not all studies have been designed to determine whether GUD causes an increased risk(More)
PURPOSE Patients with bone metastases from lung cancer often experience skeletal-related events (SREs) including pathological fracture, spinal cord compression, hypercalcemia or pain requiring surgery, radiotherapy or opioid analgesics. These complications result in impaired mobility and reduced quality of life and have a significant negative impact on(More)
Intravenous bisphosphonates are effective in reducing the incidence of skeletal-related events (SREs) in women with bone metastases of breast cancer. The cost-effectiveness of such therapy depends in part on the potential cost savings achieved by preventing these events. However, estimates of the costs of SREs in women with bone metastases of breast cancer(More)
A nicotine chewing gum has recently become available for use as an aid in giving up cigarette smoking. Although its efficacy has been demonstrated in clinic-based smoking cessation programs, its value in a primary care setting is uncertain. We examined the cost-effectiveness of nicotine gum as an adjunct to physician's advice and counseling against smoking(More)
BACKGROUND MA17 was a randomised placebo-controlled trial of letrozole 2.5 mg/day in 5187 estrogen receptor-positive, 50% node-negative, postmenopausal women (median age 62 years at enrollment) with early breast cancer, post-5 years' adjuvant tamoxifen therapy. The objective of this evaluation was to extrapolate the findings from the MA17 trial to estimate(More)