Thomas E. Broad

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Geneticists have been interested in inbreeding and inbreeding depression since the time of Darwin. Two alternative approaches that can be used to measure how inbred an individual is involve the use of pedigree records to estimate inbreeding coefficients or molecular markers to measure multilocus heterozygosity. However, the relationship between inbreeding(More)
Seven loci that have been previously mapped to human and mouse chromosomes have now been regionally assigned to six sheep chromosomes. Nerve growth factor beta (NGFB), antigen CD3 zeta polypeptide (CD3Z), inhibin beta A (INHBA), estrogen receptor (ESR), rhodopsin (RHO), insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), and myelin basic protein (MBP) were mapped by in(More)
Specific chromosomes of sheep have been selectively "captured" in hamster x sheep cell hybrids produced by fusing different Chinese hamster auxotrophs with lymphocytes from sheep carrying normal or Robertsonian translocation chromosomes. A minipanel has been established comprising sheep chromosomes 1; 3; t1 = rob(6;24); t2 = rob(9;10); and X in a(More)
Antimicrobial peptides are an abundant and diverse component of animal innate immunity. Within mammalian species, defensins and cathelicidins are the two principal antimicrobial peptide families. We identified and sequenced ten new sheep genes which encode potential antimicrobial peptides including two beta-defensins and eight cathelicidins. We mapped the(More)
The Booroola (FecB) mutation in sheep is linked to markers from a region of syntenic homology to human chromosome HSA4q, but the chromosomal location in sheep has not been determined. Analysis of linkage in Booroola half-sib pedigrees and 17 full-sib families identified genetic linkage between platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFRA) and alpha(More)
Revised G-, Q- and R-banded karyotypes and ideograms for sheep chromosomes at the 420-band level of resolution are presented. The positions of landmark bands on the sheep chromosomes are defined by their distance relative to the centromere to facilitate comparison with equivalent cattle chromosomes. Chromosome-specific (reference) molecular markers that(More)
A panel of sheep-hamster somatic cell hybrids containing single sheep chromosomes was used to study the chromosomal distribution and organization of two families of sheep centromeric satellite DNA. This study shows that the centromeres of the sheep metacentric chromosomes 1,2 and 3 differ in their organization and relative quantities of sheep satellite I(More)
Fibroblasts from ovine skin, and from the perirenal and subcutaneous adipose tissues of sheep were grown at clonal densities in medium MCDB 202 supplemented with 1 microgram/ml bovine insulin, 1 microM dexamethasone, 100 ng/ml fibroblast growth factor and 20 micrograms/ml of the lipid preparation described by Bettger, W. J., Boyce, S. T., Walthall, B. J.(More)
The status of the sheep map to the end of June 1993 is presented. Mapping information is available for a total of 107 loci comprising 16 anonymous DNA segments. This is an increase of 66 loci since 1990. No loci have been mapped on 10 of the 26 autosomes. Comparison of the cattle (350 loci) and sheep maps confirms their close evolutionary and genetic(More)
The regional localization of five reference loci to sheep chromosomes is reported. The newly mapped loci are the T-cell receptor, beta (TCRB), coagulation factor X (F10), laminin gamma 1 (LAMC1), cyclic GMP rod phosphodiesterase, alpha (PDEA) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2). The assignments of PDEA and LAMC1 to chromosomes 5q23-q31 and 12q22-q24(More)