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In the present experiments, we characterized the action of human/rat corticotropin-releasing factor (h/rCRF) and acute stress (1 hr of immobilization) on hippocampus-dependent learning and on synaptic plasticity in the mouse hippocampus. We first showed that h/rCRF application and acute stress facilitated (primed) long-term potentiation of population spikes(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) exerts a key neuroregulatory control on stress responses in various regions of the mammalian brain, including the hippocampus. Using hippocampal slices, extracts, and whole animals, we investigated the effects of human/rat CRF (h/rCRF) on hippocampal neuronal excitability and hippocampus-dependent learning in two mouse(More)
Cognitive deficits are among the most devastating changes associated with the aging process. Age-related decrement in performance on learning tasks is correlated with substantial changes in neuronal signal processing in the hippocampus. Here we show that elevated expression of small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (SK channels) of the SK3 type in(More)
The signal transduction pathway underlying the cAMP-dependent modulation of rat striatal N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) responses was investigated by using the two-electrode voltage-clamp technique. In oocytes injected with rat striatal poly(A)+ mRNA, activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) by forskolin potentiated NMDA responses. Inhibition of(More)
Stress insults intensify fear memory; however, the mechanism(s) facilitating this physiological response is still unclear. Here, we report the molecular, neurophysiological and behavioral findings attributing much of this effect to alternative splicing of the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) gene in hippocampal neurons. As a case study, we explored(More)
The central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) has been traditionally viewed in fear conditioning to serve as an output neural center that transfers conditioned information formed in the basolateral amygdala to brain structures that generate emotional responses. Recent studies suggest that the CeA may also be involved in fear memory consolidation. In addition,(More)
Research into the biology of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has been intensified significantly by the structural characterization of the CRF receptor (CRF-R). Two receptor subtypes, CRF-R1 and CRF-R2, and three functional splice variants of CRF-R2 have been discovered. It appears that ligand binding requires interaction of the N-terminal domain with(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), urocortin, sauvagine and urotensin I form the CRF family. These peptides bind with different affinities to two subtypes of CRF receptor (CRFR), CRFR1 and CRFR2. The latter exists as two splice variants, the neuronal CRFR2a and the peripheral CRFR2b. CRFR is a G protein-dependent receptor which acts mainly through Gs(More)
Glutamatergic and dopaminergic effects on molecular processes have been extensively investigated in the basal ganglia. It has been demonstrated that NMDA and dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptors interact in the regulation of signal transduction and induction of transcription factors. In the present experiments, NMDA/dopamine interactions were investigated in(More)
Previous studies have shown that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induces neuroprotection against excitotoxic damage in primary cortical neurons via sustained nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation. The transcription factor NF-kappaB can regulate the expression of small conductance calcium-activated potassium (K(Ca)) channels. These channels(More)