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Complement research experienced a renaissance with the discovery of a third activation route, the lectin pathway. We developed a unique model of total lectin pathway deficiency, a mouse strain lacking mannan-binding lectin-associated serine protease-2 (MASP-2), and analyzed the role of MASP-2 in two models of postischemic reperfusion injury (IRI). In a(More)
The complement system plays a key role in host defense against pneumococcal infection. Three different pathways, the classical, alternative and lectin pathways, mediate complement activation. While there is limited information available on the roles of the classical and the alternative activation pathways of complement in fighting streptococcal infection,(More)
BACKGROUND Two hybridomas, which secrete human monoclonal antibodies of IgG4 isotype specific for the main bee venom antigen/allergen phospholipase A2, were generated. The antigenic determinants recognized by these antibodies were mapped and compared with the binding sites of murine monoclonal and human polyclonal antibodies raised against the same antigen.(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus secretes an 18-kDa nonglycosylated IgE-binding protein. This protein was previously shown to be a ribotoxin, like alpha-sarcin and mitogillin. A 686-bp long A. fumigatus cDNA encoding an 18-kDa ribotoxin was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with six adjacent histidines (rAsp f I/a). rAsp f I/a was purified(More)
The present study identifies the phosphorylation sites of the 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) in human platelets and HeLa cells. Tryptic digests of 32P-phosphorylated and -immunoprecipitated cPLA2 were analyzed by microbore high performance liquid chromatography and two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping against synthetic phosphopeptide standards.(More)
Bee venom phospholipase A2 (BV-PLA2) is a hydrolytic enzyme that specifically cleaves the sn-2 acyl bond of phospholipids at the lipid/water interface. The same enzyme is also believed to be responsible for some systemic anaphylactic reactions in bee venom sensitized individuals. To study the structure/function relationships of this enzyme and to define the(More)
The molecular and cellular mechanisms controlling Ab isotype selection following encounter of a given Ag are still unclear, although the regulatory role of cytokines is established. In the present study we explored the possibility that the nonimmunologic interaction of an allergen with cells of the innate immune system might result in a release of mediators(More)
In bee venom phospholipase A2, histidine-34 probably functions as a Brønsted base to deprotonate the attacking water. Aspartate-64 and tyrosine-87 form a hydrogen bonding network with histidine-34. We have prepared mutants at these positions and studied their kinetic properties. The mutant in which histidine-34 is changed to glutamine is catalytically(More)
Mammalian H-Ras and N-Ras are GTP-binding proteins that must be post-translationally lipidated to function as molecular switches in signal transduction cascades controlling cell growth and differentiation. These proteins contain a C-terminal farnesyl-cysteine alpha-methyl ester and palmitoyl groups attached to nearby cysteines. Data is presented showing(More)
BACKGROUND A complementary DNA encoding the major bee venom allergen phospholipase A2 (PLA) has been characterized recently. Recombinant PLA was produced in Escherichia coli and purified to apparent homogeneity. Natural PLA was compared with recombinant PLA in its ability to release histamine from blood basophils. METHODS A synthetic gene encoding the(More)