Thomas Ducret

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Bcl-2 family proteins regulate apoptosis, in part, by controlling formation of the mitochondrial apoptosis-induced channel (MAC), which is a putative cytochrome c release channel induced early in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. This channel activity was never observed in Bcl-2-overexpressing cells. Furthermore, MAC appears when Bax translocates to(More)
In skeletal muscle, Ca(2+) is implicated in contraction, and in regulation of gene expression. An alteration of [Ca(2+)](i) homeostasis is responsible, at least partially, for the muscle degeneration that occurs after eccentric contractions in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a disease characterized by the loss of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. Using(More)
In smooth muscle cells, agonists such as neurotransmitters or hormones can induce an increase in [Ca(2+)](i) via a release of intracellular stored calcium or/and an influx of extracellular calcium. The calcium entry pathway operates through a variety of plasmalemmal calcium channels which involve voltage-dependent and voltage-independent calcium channels.(More)
Defective expression of dystrophin in muscle cells is the primary feature of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), which is accompanied by fiber necrosis and intracellular calcium mishandling. These features led to the hypothesis that dystrophin could control calcium movements. Calcium mishandling in human DMD myotubes is dependent on contraction and/or(More)
The mammalian homologues of the Drosophila transient receptor potential (TRP) represent a superfamily of ion channels involved in Ca(2+) homeostasis. Several members of this family are activated either by a depletion of the internal stores of Ca(2+) or by stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors. In androgen responsive prostate cancer cell line LNCaP,(More)
Many theories of memory postulate that processing of information outlasts the learning situation and involves several different physiological substrates. If such physiologically distinct mechanisms or stages of memory do in fact exist, they should be differentially affected by particular experimental manipulations. Accordingly, a selective improvement of(More)
Pulmonary hypertension, the main disease of the pulmonary circulation, is characterized by an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, involving proliferation and migration of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC). However, cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying these phenomena remain to be identified. In the present study, we thus(More)
The present experiments demonstrate that the absence of any memory-improving action of nootropics in adrenalectomized animals cannot be ascribed to an effect of dosage. Doses of 1, 10, 100, 1000 and 3000 mg/kg p.o. of piracetam, oxiracetam, aniracetam or pramiracetam are ineffective in adrenalectomized mice.
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels of the vanilloid subfamily, mainly TRPV1 and TRPV4, are expressed in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and implicated in the remodeling of pulmonary artery, a landmark of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Among a variety of PH subtypes, PH of group 3 are mostly related to a prolonged hypoxia exposure(More)
Agents mobilising Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum are known to activate apoptosis. Whatever means are used, the release of Ca(2+) is often followed by a store-dependent entry of Ca(2+). Whether apoptosis is triggered by the depletion of the stores or by the subsequent store-dependent entry of Ca(2+) is still a matter of controversy. Here we studied(More)