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Bcl-2 family proteins regulate apoptosis, in part, by controlling formation of the mitochondrial apoptosis-induced channel (MAC), which is a putative cytochrome c release channel induced early in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. This channel activity was never observed in Bcl-2-overexpressing cells. Furthermore, MAC appears when Bax translocates to(More)
In smooth muscle cells, agonists such as neurotransmitters or hormones can induce an increase in [Ca(2+)](i) via a release of intracellular stored calcium or/and an influx of extracellular calcium. The calcium entry pathway operates through a variety of plasmalemmal calcium channels which involve voltage-dependent and voltage-independent calcium channels.(More)
In skeletal muscle, Ca(2+) is implicated in contraction, and in regulation of gene expression. An alteration of [Ca(2+)](i) homeostasis is responsible, at least partially, for the muscle degeneration that occurs after eccentric contractions in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a disease characterized by the loss of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. Using(More)
Defective expression of dystrophin in muscle cells is the primary feature of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), which is accompanied by fiber necrosis and intracellular calcium mishandling. These features led to the hypothesis that dystrophin could control calcium movements. Calcium mishandling in human DMD myotubes is dependent on contraction and/or(More)
CGS 5649 B improves the learning performance of aged rats in a one-way active-avoidance situation. If, under reversed conditions, treated aged rats are also tested for passive avoidance, they show "place learning," which our findings have demonstrated to be typical of young rats. The effects of the substance are not confined to these experimental models nor(More)
Patients affected by chronic inflammatory disorders display high amounts of soluble CD95L. This homotrimeric ligand arises from the cleavage by metalloproteases of its membrane-bound counterpart, a strong apoptotic inducer. In contrast, the naturally processed CD95L is viewed as an apoptotic antagonist competing with its membrane counterpart for binding to(More)
Pulmonary hypertension, the main disease of the pulmonary circulation, is characterized by an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, involving proliferation and migration of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC). However, cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying these phenomena remain to be identified. In the present study, we thus(More)
The mammalian homologues of the Drosophila transient receptor potential (TRP) represent a superfamily of ion channels involved in Ca(2+) homeostasis. Several members of this family are activated either by a depletion of the internal stores of Ca(2+) or by stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors. In androgen responsive prostate cancer cell line LNCaP,(More)
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) lacking estrogen and progesterone receptors and HER2 amplification have a relatively high risk of metastatic dissemination, but the mechanistic basis for this risk is not understood. Here, we report that serum levels of CD95 ligand (CD95L) are higher in patients with TNBC than in other patients with breast cancer.(More)
Many theories of memory postulate that processing of information outlasts the learning situation and involves several different physiological substrates. If such physiologically distinct mechanisms or stages of memory do in fact exist, they should be differentially affected by particular experimental manipulations. Accordingly, a selective improvement of(More)