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—As user-generated content and interactions have overtaken the web as the default mode of use, questions of whom and what to trust have become increasingly important. Fortunately, online social networks and social media have made it easy for users to indicate whom they trust and whom they do not. However, this does not solve the problem since each user is(More)
The entomopathogen Bacillus thuringiensis produces dense biofilms under various conditions. Here, we report that the transition phase regulators Spo0A, AbrB and SinR control biofilm formation and swimming motility in B. thuringiensis, just as they control biofilm formation and swarming motility in the closely related saprophyte species B. subtilis. However,(More)
How pathogenic bacteria infect and kill their host is currently widely investigated. In comparison, the fate of pathogens after the death of their host receives less attention. We studied Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) infection of an insect host, and show that NprR, a quorum sensor, is active after death of the insect and allows Bt to survive in the cadavers(More)
The World Wide Web has transformed into an environment where users both produce and consume information. In order to judge the validity of information, it is important to know how trustworthy its creator is. Since no individual can have direct knowledge of more than a small fraction of information authors, methods for inferring trust are needed. We propose(More)
A new family of lipopeptides produced by Bacillus thuringiensis, the kurstakins, was discovered in 2000 and considered as a biomarker of this species. Kurstakins are lipoheptapeptides displaying antifungal activities against Stachybotrys charatum. Recently, the biosynthesis mechanism, the regulation of this biosynthesis and the potential new properties of(More)
The major virulence factors of Clostridium difficile are toxins A and B. These toxins are encoded by tcdA and tcdB genes, which form a pathogenicity locus (PaLoc) together with three additional genes that have been implicated in regulation (tcdR and tcdC) and secretion (tcdE). To date, the PaLoc has always been found in the same location and is replaced in(More)
BACKGROUND A previous study showed an overuse of psychiatric emergencies by physicians. Now we study whether patients hospitalized through emergencies have more pejorative specifications than patients admitted through consultations. METHOD All patients with Major depressive disorder admitted in our department through emergencies (N=146) or consultations(More)
Public-health policy makers have many tools to mitigate an epidemic's effects. Most related research focuses on the direct effects on those infected (in terms of health, life, or productivity). Interventions including treatment, prophylaxis, quarantine, and social distancing are well studied in this context. These interventions do not address indirect(More)