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Human congestive heart failure is characterized by complex neurohumoral activation associated with the up-regulation of vasoconstricting and salt-retaining mediators and the compensatory rise of counter-regulatory hormones. In the present study, we provide the first evidence that relaxin (RLX), known as a pregnancy hormone, represents a potential(More)
The peptide urotensin-II (U-II) has been described as most potent vasoconstrictor identified so far, but plasma values in humans and its role in cardiovascular pathophysiology are unknown. We investigated circulating urotensin-II and its potential role in human congestive heart failure (CHF). We enrolled control individuals (n=13; cardiac index [CI],(More)
Relaxin is a naturally occurring peptide hormone that plays a central role in the hemodynamic and renovascular adaptive changes that occur during pregnancy. Triggering similar changes could potentially be beneficial in the treatment of patients with heart failure. The effects of relaxin include the production of nitric oxide, inhibition of endothelin,(More)
Increased expression of endothelial adhesion molecules, high levels of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and enhanced VLA4 integrin/VCAM-1 and CCR-2/MCP-1 interactions are initial steps in vascular inflammation. We sought to determine whether relaxin, a potent vasodilatory and anti-fibrotic agent, mitigates these early events compromising(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin-D-binding protein (VDBP) is a low molecular weight protein that is filtered through the glomerulus as a 25-(OH) vitamin D 3/VDBP complex. In the normal kidney VDBP is reabsorbed and catabolized by proximal tubule epithelial cells reducing the urinary excretion to trace amounts. Acute tubular injury is expected to result in urinary VDBP(More)
INTRODUCTION Early allograft dysfunction following lung transplantation is mainly an ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. We showed that relaxin-2 (relaxin) exerts a protective effect in lung IR, attributable to decreases in endothelin-1 (ET-1) production, leukocyte recruitment, and free radical generation. Here, we summarize our investigations into relaxin's(More)
The relaxin peptide family regulates diverse biological functions (central nervous processes, reproduction, cardiovascular and kidney function, and connective tissue composition) through different G protein-coupled receptors. We reported earlier that human relaxin-2 and porcine relaxin additionally interact with the human glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in an(More)
Relaxin peptides act in brain, reproductive and cardiovascular systems, kidneys, and connective tissue through different G protein-coupled receptors. We reported that human relaxin-2 and porcine relaxin are both agonists at the human glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Here, we investigated the possible auto-regulation of relaxin-2 gene expression via recently(More)
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