Thomas Dittrich

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The influence of periodic driving on coherent tunneling is investigated, using a quartic double-well potential in a monochromatic external field as a working example. Extensive numerical studies of the long-time behaviour of this system are combined with an analytical description on basis of the quasienergy formalism. Approximate solutions of the dynamics(More)
In the spectrum of systems showing chaos-assisted tunneling, three-state crossings are formed when a chaotic singlet intersects a tunnel doublet. We study the dissipative quantum dynamics in the vicinity of such crossings. A harmonically driven double well coupled to a bath serves as a model. Markov and rotating-wave approximations are introduced with(More)
The electron diffusion coefficient at varying porosity has been determined in a series of nanostructured TiO(2) films of different initial thicknesses. The porosity was changed by applying different pressures prior to sintering, thereby modifying the internal morphology of the films though not their chemical and surface conditions. A systematic increase of(More)
Using the parametrically driven harmonic oscillator as a working example, we study two different Markovian approaches to the quantum dynamics of a periodically driven system with dissipation. In the simpler approach, the driving enters the master equation for the reduced density operator only in the Hamiltonian term. An improved master equation is achieved(More)
Four different types of solar cells prepared in different laboratories have been characterized by impedance spectroscopy (IS): thin-film CdS/CdTe devices, an extremely thin absorber (eta) solar cell made with microporous TiO2/In(OH)xSy/PbS/PEDOT, an eta-solar cell of nanowire ZnO/CdSe/CuSCN, and a solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) with(More)
We make use of the numerical simulation random walk (RWNS) method to compute the "jump" diffusion coefficient of electrons in nanostructured materials via mean-square displacement. First, a summary of analytical results is given that relates the diffusion coefficient obtained from RWNS to those in the multiple-trapping (MT) and hopping models. Simulations(More)
We have investigated the electrostatic potential distribution in compact and nanoporous TiO2 films, deposited on conducting F-doped SnO2 substrate (FTO), which are used in dye-sensitized solar cells. The TiO2 films were immersed into aqueous electrolyte and excited from the FTO side by light pulses of a N2 laser while the current response was measured as a(More)
Here we report the preparation of high performance Quantum Dot Sensitized Solar Cells (QDSCs) based on PbS-CdS co-sensitized nanoporous TiO2 electrodes. QDs were directly grown on the TiO2 mesostructure by the Successive Ionic Layer Absorption and Reaction (SILAR) technique. This method is characterized by a fast deposition rate which involves random(More)
We present a comprehensive account of directed transport in one-dimensional Hamiltonian systems with spatial and temporal periodicity. They can be considered as Hamiltonian ratchets in the sense that ensembles of particles can show directed ballistic transport in the absence of an average force. We discuss general conditions for such directed transport like(More)
Charge separation and diffusion in type II multilayered structures of CdTe and CdSe nanocrystals with a polymer spacer are unambiguously proven by surface photovoltage spectroscopy. Holes accumulate in CdTe nanocrystal layers, and the electrons in CdSe nanocrystal layers. An increase of thickness of the polymer spacer strongly decreases the charge(More)