Thomas Devos

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Leishmania are evolutionarily ancient protozoans (Kinetoplastidae) and important human pathogens that cause a spectrum of diseases ranging from the asymptomatic to the lethal. The Leishmania genome is relatively small [ approximately 34 megabases (Mb)], lacks substantial repetitive DNA, and is distributed among 36 chromosomes pairs ranging in size from 0.3(More)
The small G protein-encoding LdARL-3A gene, a homologue of the human ARL-3 gene, was isolated from Leishmania donovani, and its protein product characterised. It is unique in the Leishmania genome and expressed only in the extracellular promastigote insect form, but not in the intracellular amastigote mammalian form, as shown by northern blots and western(More)
We describe here the cloning and sequence characterization of the absolute termini of several telomeres from the human parasite Leishmania donovani using a vector-adapter protocol. The 3' protruding strand of L. donovani telomeres terminates with the sequence 5'-GGTTAGGGT-OH 3'. This single-stranded sequence is adjacent to tandemly repeated blocks of(More)
1. Trichinella cholinesterases occur in multiple molecular forms which differ in size, kinetics, activity with butyrylthiocholine, and effects of inhibitors. 2. The 5.3 and 13S forms identified in Trichinella extracts are also found in C. elegans and other nematodes but the 7S form which occurs in other nematodes was absent from Trichinella detergent(More)
A method was developed to identify domestic isolates of Trichinella using the polymerase chain reaction. Oligonucleotide primers, based on the repetitive DNA sequence (pPRA) from the P1 isolate of Trichinella, were used to amplify genomic DNA from 13 domestic isolates and tested against sylvatic isolates of Trichinella. Pattern differences were observed(More)
The role of the mucosal immune response in helminth infections is not clear. In this study, the dose dependence and kinetics of the mucosal immune response to Trichinella spiralis were determined in experimentally infected Swiss Webster and BALB/c mice. The primary mucosal isotype was sIgA, although IgG was also detected, and primary infections with 10 and(More)
The presence of phosphorylcholine (PC) in Trichinella was confirmed by ELISA and Western blot experiments with the PC-specific myeloma TEPC-15. Anti-PC antibody production was detected in ELISA by cross-reaction with the PC-positive somatic polysaccharide of Aspergillus and the synthetic conjugate phosphorylcholine-bovine serum albumin conjugate and by(More)
Eukaryotic protein-coding genes are generally transcribed by RNA polymerase II (Pol II), which has a lower transcription rate than that of Pol I. We report here the duplication of two LD1 genes into the rRNA locus and their resultant transcription by Pol I. The multigenic LD1 locus is present in a 2.2-Mb chromosome in all stocks of Leishmania spp. and is(More)
A method was developed to isolate and test coproantibodies from mice infected with Trichinella or mice fed cholera toxin. It was rapid as results were obtained within 3 h, and it was applicable to a single faecal pellet. It reduced the number of experimental animals required 7-fold, and reduced variability, since samples were obtained from the same(More)