Thomas D. Yager

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The bone morphogenetic proteins, BMP-2 and OP-1, are candidates for growth factors that control renal branching morphogenesis. We examined their effects in embryonic kidney explants and in the mIMCD-3 cell model of collecting duct morphogenesis (mIMCD-3 cells are derived from the terminal inner medullary collecting duct of the SV40 mouse). Osteogenic(More)
In this study, we demonstrate the developmental activation, in the zebrafish embryo, of a surveillance mechanism which triggers apoptosis to remove damaged cells. We determine the time course of activation of this mechanism by exposing embryos to camptothecin, an agent which specifically inhibits topoisomerase I within the DNA replication complex and which,(More)
At elevated salt concentrations, the structure of chromatin is destabilized. This paper is concerned with the processes by which DNA is released from nucleosome core particles in free, uncomplexed form. Our experiments indicate that the DNA release reaction has distinctly different characteristics below and above approximately 0.75 M NaCl. Below this(More)
We show that the amino acid analogue betaine shares with small tetraalkylammonium ions [Melchior, W. B., Jr., & von Hippel, P. H. (1973) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 70, 298-302] the ability to reduce or even eliminate the base pair composition dependence of DNA thermal melting transitions. The "isostabilizing" concentration of betaine (at which AT and GC(More)
In the first part of this paper we present a thermodynamic analysis of the elongation phase of transcription in Escherichia coli. The stability of the elongation complex is described by a "free energy of formation" function (delta G zero f) that is a sum of terms for forming (i) a locally denatured 17-base-pair DNA "bubble"; (ii) a constant-length hybrid(More)
To function as a DNA-RNA helicase in rho-dependent transcript termination, six genetically identical subunits of the Escherichia coli transcription termination protein rho must first assemble into a hexameric complex. To help determine the quaternary structure of this complex, we have studied the association equilibria of the rho protomers. Sedimentation(More)
This review has summarized the known features of the single-nucleotide addition reaction cycle in transcription. The reader will have noted that the information available is very incomplete, and that, in some cases, related experiments seem to lead to contradictory conclusions. We have tried to point out these discrepancies as they occur and to indicate(More)
Under approximately physiological conditions, the transcription termination factor rho from Escherichia coli is a hexamer of planar hexagonal geometry [Geiselmann, J., Yager, T. D., Gill, S. C., Calmettes, P., & von Hippel, P. H. (1992) Biochemistry (preceding paper in this issue)]. Here we describe studies that further define the quaternary structure of(More)
In this paper, we develop a kinetic approach to predict the efficiency of termination at intrinsic (factor independent) terminators of Escherichia coli and related organisms. In general, our predictions agree well with experimental results. Our analysis also suggests that termination efficiency can readily be modulated by protein factors and environmental(More)