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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and other members of the TGF-beta superfamily are secreted signalling proteins determining the development, maintenance and regeneration of tissues and organs. These dimeric proteins bind, via multiple epitopes, two types of signalling receptor chains and numerous extracellular modulator proteins that stringently control(More)
The vacuole represents a pivotal plant organelle for management of ion homeostasis, storage of proteins and solutes, as well as deposition of cytotoxic compounds. Ion channels, pumps and carriers in the vacuolar membrane under control of cytosolic factors provide for ionic and metabolic homeostasis between this storage organelle and the cytoplasm. Here we(More)
Individuals carrying a mutation in one of the three cerebral cavernous malformation genes (CCM1/KRIT1, CCM2, CCM3) cannot be clinically distinguished, raising the possibility that they act within common molecular pathways. In this study, we demonstrate that CCM3 (PDCD10) coprecipitates and colocalizes with CCM2. We also show that CCM3 directly binds to(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-13 are the only cytokines known to bind to the receptor chain IL-4Ralpha. Receptor sharing by these two cytokines is the molecular basis for their overlapping biological functions. Both are key factors in the development of allergic hypersensitivity, and they also play a major role in exacerbating allergic and asthmatic symptoms.(More)
We have identified RELMgamma, a novel member of the resistin-like molecule/found in inflammatory zone (RELM/FIZZ) family in mice and rats. Microarray and real-time RT-PCR experiments revealed a repression of RELMgamma mRNA in nasal respiratory epithelium of cigarette smoke-exposed versus untreated rats. The analysis of the physiological tissue-specific(More)
To identify functionally relevant amino acids in the rat organic cation transporter 1 (rOCT1), 18 consecutive amino acids in the presumed fourth transmembrane alpha helix (TMH) were mutated and functionally characterized after expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes. After mutation of three amino acids on successive turns of the alpha helix, K(m) values for(More)
UBA domains are a commonly occurring sequence motif of approximately 45 amino acid residues that are found in diverse proteins involved in the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway, DNA excision-repair, and cell signaling via protein kinases. The human homologue of yeast Rad23A (HHR23A) is one example of a nucleotide excision-repair protein that contains both an(More)
Ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domains are found in a large number of proteins with diverse functions involved in ubiquitination, DNA repair, and signaling pathways. Recent studies have shown that several UBA domain proteins interact with ubiquitin (Ub), specifically p62, the phosphotyrosine-independent ligand of the SH2 domain of p56(lck); HHR23A, a human(More)
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs), together with Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-β and Activins/Inhibins constitute the TGF-β superfamily of ligands. This superfamily is formed by more than 30 structurally related secreted proteins. Since TGF-β members act as morphogens, either a strict relation between a particular ligand to a distinct cellular receptor(More)
Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) are oocyte-specific growth factors with central roles in mammalian reproduction, regulating species-specific fecundity, ovarian follicular somatic cell differentiation, and oocyte quality. In the human, GDF9 is produced in a latent form, the mechanism of activation being an(More)