Thomas D. Fox

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The mitochondrial inner membrane protease is required for the maturation of mitochondrial proteins that are delivered to the intermembrane space. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, this protease is now shown to be a complex that contains two catalytic subunits, Imp2p and the previously identified Imp1p. Primary structure similarity indicates that Imp1p(More)
Cross hybridization between maize mitochondrial DNA fragments and a specific yeast mitochondrial DNA probe from the oxi 1 gene has been used to identify and isolate the maize mitochondrial gene coding cytochrome oxidase subunit II, mox 1. The DNA sequence reveals two coding regions separated from each other by a single centrally located intervening(More)
The post-transcriptional role of Mss51p in mitochondrial gene expression is of great interest since MSS51 mutations suppress the respiratory defect caused by shy1 mutations. SHY1 is a Saccharomyces cerevisiae homolog of human SURF1, which when mutated causes a cytochrome oxidase assembly defect. We found that MSS51 is required for expression of the(More)
Genetic code differences prevent expression of nuclear genes within Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria. To bridge this gap a synthetic gene, ARG8m, designed to specify an arginine biosynthetic enzyme when expressed inside mitochondria, has been inserted into yeast mtDNA in place of the COX3 structural gene. This mitochondrial cox3::ARG8m gene fully(More)
We have inserted a yeast nuclear DNA fragment bearing the TRP1 gene and its associated origin of DNA replication, ARS1, into the functional mitochondrial chromosome of a strain carrying a chromosomal trp1 deletion. TRP1 was not phenotypically expressed within the organelle. However, this Trp- strain readily gave rise to respiratory competent Trp+ clones(More)
The migration of genetic information from ancestral prokaryotic endosymbionts into eukaryotic nuclei is thought to have had an important role in the evolution of mitochondria and chloroplasts. Here we describe an assay for the detection of movement of DNA between mitochondria and the nucleus in yeast. Because recombinant plasmid DNA replicates after(More)
In the nuclear genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, simple, repetitive DNA sequences (microsatellites) mutate at rates much higher than nonrepetitive sequences. Most of these mutations are deletions or additions of repeat units. The yeast mitochondrial genome also contains many microsatellites. To examine the stability of these sequences, we constructed a(More)
To study in vivo the export of mitochondrially synthesized protein from the matrix to the intermembrane space, we have fused a synthetic mitochondrial gene, ARG8m, to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae COX2 gene in mitochondrial DNA. The Arg8mp moiety was translocated through the inner membrane when fused to the Cox2p C terminus by a mechanism dependent on(More)
The yeast nuclear gene YME1 was one of six genes recently identified in a screen for mutations that elevate the rate at which DNA escapes from mitochondria and migrates to the nucleus. yme1 mutations, including a deletion, cause four known recessive phenotypes: an elevation in the rate at which copies of TRP1 and ARS1, integrated into the mitochondrial(More)