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The human striatum is functionally organized into limbic, associative, and sensorimotor subdivisions, which process information related to emotional, cognitive, and motor function. Dopamine projections ascending from the midbrain provide important modulatory input to these striatal subregions. The aim of this study was to compare activation of dopamine D2(More)
(-)-N-Propyl-norapomorphine (NPA) is a full dopamine (DA) D2 receptor agonist and [11C]NPA is a suitable radiotracer to image D2 receptors configured in a state of high affinity for agonists with positron emission tomography (PET). In this study the vulnerability of the in vivo binding of [11C]NPA to acute fluctuation in synaptic DA was assessed with PET in(More)
The classical dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia postulates a hyperactivity of dopaminergic transmission at the D(2) receptor. We measured in vivo occupancy of striatal D(2) receptors by dopamine in 18 untreated patients with schizophrenia and 18 matched controls, by comparing D(2) receptor availability before and during pharmacologically induced acute(More)
We describe a new method for measuring skin conductance responses, designed to overcome the problem of overlapping skin conductance responses. The method relies on the assumptions that the underlying sudomotor nerve signal has a shorter time-constant than the skin conductance signal itself, and that the sudomotor bursts arrive as discrete, separated events.(More)
CONTEXT A long-standing version of the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia postulates that hyperactivity of dopaminergic transmission at D(2) receptors in the limbic striatum is associated with the illness and that blockade of mesolimbic D(2) receptors is responsible for the antipsychotic action of D(2) receptor antagonists. OBJECTIVE To localize(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a double-blind, placebo-controlled, random assignment, parallel group, pharmacokinetically dosed study of lithium for adolescents with bipolar disorders (BP) and temporally secondary substance dependency disorders (SDD). METHOD Subjects were 16.3 +/- 1.2 years old and were comprehensively assessed during a 6-week outpatient protocol(More)
Recent reports indicate that bupropion, a novel non-tricyclic antidepressant, is metabolized differently in certain species of animals. To further define the disposition of bupropion, a study was done involving three species, the rat, mouse, and guinea pig, as animal models to evaluate bupropion metabolism. The pharmacokinetic profiles of bupropion and its(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated a possible mechanism of action for the antidepressant response to light-phase advances of the circadian clock-by measuring the onset of melatonin secretion before and after light treatment in the morning or evening. METHODS Plasma melatonin was sampled in 42 patients with seasonal affective disorder, in the evening or overnight(More)
BACKGROUND In vivo determination of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) occupancy by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) using positron emission tomography (PET) can aid in determination of dosing. Previous studies used chronic SSRI administration that may down-regulate 5-HTT and used the cerebellum as reference region despite measurable 5-HTT. We(More)
The present study investigated the effect of ethanol (EtOH) exposure and its withdrawal on the central endocannabinoid system utilizing an EtOH vapor inhalation model, which is known to produce functional tolerance and dependence to EtOH. Swiss Webster mice (n=24) were exposed to EtOH vapors for 72h. Mice were sacrificed after 72h following EtOH exposure(More)