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The ephrins, ligands of Eph receptor tyrosine kinases, have been shown to act as repulsive guidance molecules and to induce collapse of neuronal growth cones. For the first time, we show that the ephrin-A5 collapse is mediated by activation of the small GTPase Rho and its downstream effector Rho kinase. In ephrin-A5-treated retinal ganglion cell cultures,(More)
The Eph family is thought to exert its function through the complementary expression of receptors and ligands. Here, we show that EphA receptors colocalize on retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons with EphA ligands, which are expressed in a high-nasal-to-low-temporal pattern. In the stripe assay, only temporal axons are normally sensitive for repellent axon(More)
The mechanisms generating precise connections between specific thalamic nuclei and cortical areas remain poorly understood. Using axon tracing analysis of ephrin/Eph mutant mice, we provide in vivo evidence that Eph receptors in the thalamus and ephrins in the cortex control intra-areal topographic mapping of thalamocortical (TC) axons. In addition, we show(More)
During development of the retinocollicular projection in mouse, retinal axons initially overshoot their future termination zones (TZs) in the superior colliculus (SC). The formation of TZs is initiated by interstitial branching at topographically appropriate positions. Ephrin-As are expressed in a decreasing posterior-to-anterior gradient in the SC, and(More)
The formation of the ten cerebellar lobules is an unsolved problem in brain development. We report a screen for the four subfamilies of Eph receptors and their ligands (ephrins) in developing mouse cerebellum, using soluble receptor-immunoglobulin and ligand-immunoglobulin fusion proteins, and antibodies against EphA and ephrin-B proteins. Our results(More)
EphA7 is a receptor tyrosine kinase of the Eph family. We have mapped EphA7 immunoreactivity and ligand binding in mouse embryo heads and developing brain. Immunoreactivity for the full-length receptor is found in all the cell populations that express EphA7 mRNA. In particular, it is located on growing axons from EphA7-expressing neurons, both in the(More)
Members of the Polycomb group (Pc-G) of genes encode transcriptional regulators that control the expression of key developmental effector genes in Drosophila melanogaster. Although multiple Pc-G genes have been identified and characterized in Drosophila, information about these important regulatory proteins in vertebrates, including their precise expression(More)
Previous results of an in vitro guidance test, the stripe assay, have demonstrated the presence of a repulsive axon guidance activity for temporal retinal axons in the posterior part of the vertebrate optic tectum. Ephrin-A5 and Ephrin-A2 are ligands for the EphA subfamily of Eph receptor tyrosine kinases, which are expressed in overlapping gradients in the(More)
The MAM-subfamily of type II transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) currently comprises the enzymes PTPkappa, PTPmu and PCP2. In an effort to elucidate the individual physiological roles of these closely related proteins we performed a detailed analysis of their mRNA transcript distributions at different stages of mouse embryogenesis and(More)
The EphA7 gene encodes not only a typical receptor tyrosine kinase (TK+) but also an isoform lacking the tyrosine kinase domain (TK-). We have made antibodies to localise EphA7 TK+ and TK- isoforms in mouse brain. The TK- isoform was not detectable prenatally, despite reported expression of the TK- mRNA in the embryo. However, both TK+ and TK- isoforms(More)