Thomas Ciossek

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Advanced second generation inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDAC) are currently used in clinical development. This study aimed at comparing the pharmacological properties of selected second generation HDAC inhibitors with the hydroxamate and benzamide head group, namely SAHA, LAQ824/LBH589, CI994, MS275 and MGCD0103. In biochemical assays using(More)
Obesity is a metabolic disorder related to improper control of energy uptake and expenditure, which results in excessive accumulation of body fat. Initial insights into the genetic pathways that regulate energy metabolism have been provided by a discrete number of obesity-related genes that have been identified in mammals. Here, we report the identification(More)
Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDAC) are currently developed for the treatment of cancer. These include compounds with a sulfur containing head group like depsipeptide, alkylthiols, thiocarboxylates, and trithiocarbonates with a carbonyl group in the alpha-position. In the present investigation, we report on the synthesis and comprehensive SAR analysis(More)
Reversible lysine-specific acetylation has been described as an important posttranslational modification, regulating chromatin structure and transcriptional activity in the case of core histone proteins. Histone deacetylases (HDAC) are considered as a promising target for anticancer drug development, with 2a as pan-HDAC inhibitor approved for cutanous(More)
Inhibition of histone deacetylases class I/II enzymes is a new, promising approach for cancer therapy. In the present study, we disclose a new structural class of HDAC inhibitors with the trithiocarbonate motif. A clear structure-activity-relationship was obtained for the cap-linker motif and the putative Zn(2+) complexing head group. Selected analogs(More)
Inhibitors of histone deacetylases are a new class of cancer therapeutics with possibly broad applicability. Combinations of HDAC inhibitors with the kinase inhibitor 1 (Imatinib) in recent studies showed additive and synergistic effects. Here we present a new concept by combining inhibition of protein kinases and HDACs, two independent pharmacological(More)
Most cellular assays that quantify the efficacy of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors measure hyperacetylation of core histone proteins H3 and H4. Here we describe a new approach, directly measuring cellular HDAC enzymatic activity using the substrate Boc-K(Ac)-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin (AMC). After penetration into HeLa cervical carcinoma or K562 chronic(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are considered to be drugs for targeted cancer therapy and second-generation HDIs are currently being tested in clinical trials. Here, we report on the synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel HDAC inhibitor scaffold with the hydroxamate Zn(2+) complexing headgroup, selected from the 2-aroylindol motif. Inhibition(More)
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