Thomas Chvapil

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Heat-denatured collagen in burned skin stains red instead of blue in Masson's trichrome stain. This change in stainability corresponds to the loss of birefringence in slides examined in polarized light. The depth of the abnormal staining of the skin slices was proportional to the time and temperature of the heat exposure. It is concluded that the change in(More)
The effect of electrocautery on midline fascial wound healing was studied in 108 Sprague-Dawley rats. Midline wound tensile strength was significantly reduced in fascia incised with the coagulation current compared with the cutting current or scalpel. In addition, tissue necrosis and inflammation as well as adhesion formation between the incision and(More)
ACL substitutes made of braided or plied purified collagen fibers and cross-linked with hexamethylenediisocyanate were implanted into a total of 14 adult goats to achieve resorption within 8 to 10 months. Two types of collagen fiber prostheses differing in degree of collagen purification were tested. The implants were harvested 2 to 11 months(More)
Sixteen shallow wounds were inflicted in each of five Yorkshire white female piglets, 18-20 kg body weight, by a 2-cm diameter, fast-rotating abrasive disc. The injury is similar to a second-degree burn. The wounds were dressed with one of four dressings: Duoderm (Squibb), Op-Site (Smith & Nephew) [corrected], and collagen sponge, covered with either(More)
This study compared the healing of midline fascial incisions made with either scalpel or electrocautery and inoculated with Escherichia coli in 57 Sprague-Dawley rats. At 7 days, tensile strength was significantly less when incisions were made with electrocautery than with a scalpel. Additionally, would strength was inversely related to the concentration of(More)
Sponges of the same size made of collagen (CS), polyurethane (PU), polyvinylalcohol (PVA) and acetylcellulose (AC) were inserted for 10 days in the vaginas of 22 rabbits. Light and scanning electron microscopy of the vaginal wall and its mucosal lining showed signs of cytotoxicity only with PU and AC while CS and PVA picture did not differ from sham(More)
Four Yorkshire piglets were inflicted with a total of 92 split-thickness wounds 4.8 cm2 in area and 400 microns deep. The wounds were treated with eight dressing regimens under the same experimental design. The rate of reepithelialization of the wound was quantitated by a morphometric method. The magnitude of inflammatory reaction of the wound to the(More)
Various factors contribute to the formation of malodor in intravaginal collagen sponges (CS) worn for several days by sexually active persons. To study this problem we developed an in vitro model: CS was infiltrated with semen and incubated at various pH's or in the presence of various drugs, at 37° and 95% O2-5% CO2 in humid atmosphere. The odor was(More)