Thomas Carroll

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INTRODUCTION: Error monitoring and correction is one of the executive functions and is important for effective goal directed behavior. Deficient executive functioning, including reduced error monitoring ability, is one of the typical features of such neurodevelopmental disorders as autism, probably related to perseverative responding, stereotyped repetitive(More)
If America is to meet the needs of 21 st century learners, we must move away from the norms that governed factory-era schools. The most persistent norm that stands in the way of 21 st century learning is isolated teaching in stand-alone classrooms. Transforming schools into 21 st century learning communities means recognizing that teachers must become(More)
OBJECTIVES To collect objective vibration dose data on singers and relate them to subjective measurements of vocal fatigue. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Seven subjects completed a 2-week study period. The National Center for Voice and Speech (NCVS) dosimeter recorded vocal load, soft phonation tasks, and subjective soft voice ratings. Three vocal doses (time,(More)
BACKGROUND Consensus clinical diagnostic criteria for neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) include café-au-lait macules and skinfold freckling. The former are frequently the earliest manifestation of NF1, and as such are of particular significance when assessing young children at risk of the condition. A phenotype of predominantly spinal neurofibromatosis has(More)
There has been a substantial increase in Multimorbidity, worldwide. Extensive empirical research has found that General Practitioners (GPs) often feel overwhelmed when dealing with such patients [1]. While clinical decision support systems (CDSS) are effective at reducing clinical decision errors and improving healthcare processes across diverse settings(More)
The temporoparietal fascial flap (TPFF) is a vascularized pedicle flap commonly used in head and neck reconstructions. The authors describe the use of a TPFF in repairing a large traumatic middle cranial fossa CSF fistula via a middle cranial fossa approach. During the 18-month follow-up, the patient had no further CSF leakage or meningitis. The use of a(More)
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