Thomas C. Resta

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We found that the selective stimulation of the intracellular, transmembrane G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), also known as GPR30, acutely lowers blood pressure after infusion in normotensive rats and dilates both rodent and human arterial blood vessels. Stimulation of GPER blocks vasoconstrictor-induced changes in intracellular calcium(More)
Rho kinase (ROCK)-dependent vasoconstriction has been implicated as a major factor in chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary hypertension. This component of pulmonary hypertension is associated with arterial myogenicity and increased vasoreactivity to receptor-mediated agonists and depolarizing stimuli resulting from ROCK-dependent myofilament Ca(2+)(More)
Recent evidence supports a prominent role for Rho kinase (ROK)-mediated pulmonary vasoconstriction in the development and maintenance of chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary hypertension. Endothelin (ET)-1 contributes to the pulmonary hypertensive response to CH, and recent studies by our laboratory and others indicate that pulmonary vascular reactivity(More)
Exposing rodents to brief episodes of hypoxia mimics the hypoxemia and the cardiovascular and metabolic effects observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), a condition that affects between 5% and 20% of the population. Apart from daytime sleepiness, OSA is associated with a high incidence of systemic and pulmonary hypertension, peripheral(More)
Communication between vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells via low-resistance gap junctions may facilitate vascular function by synchronizing the contractile state of individual cells within the vessel wall. We hypothesized that inhibition of gap junctional communication would impair constrictor responses of mesenteric resistance arteries. Immunohistochemical(More)
We have previously demonstrated that arterial, but not venous, vasodilatory responses to endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO)-dependent agonists are enhanced in lungs isolated from rats with chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension. These data suggest that CH is associated with increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)(More)
Female rats develop less severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) in response to chronic hypoxia compared with males, thus implicating a potential role for ovarian hormones in mediating this gender difference. Considering that estrogen upregulates endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) in systemic vascular tissue, we hypothesized that estrogen inhibits(More)
Mukundan, Harshini, Thomas C. Resta, and Nancy L. Kanagy. 17 -Estradiol decreases hypoxic induction of erythropoietin gene expression. Am J Physiol Regulatory Integrative Comp Physiol 283: R496–R504, 2002. First published April 4, 2002; 10.1152/ajpregu.00573.2001.—Exposure to chronic hypoxia induces erythropoietin (EPO) production to facilitate oxygen(More)
Experiments were performed on isolated salt-perfused rat lungs to determine the receptor type(s) responsible for the pulmonary vascular effects of the neurohypophyseal peptides arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin. Bolus administration of AVP to lungs preconstricted with the thromboxane mimetic U-46619 resulted in a dose-dependent vasodilatory response(More)
Previous studies suggest that inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression within the pulmonary vasculature is increased in rats with chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary hypertension. We therefore hypothesized that enhanced iNOS expression associated with CH causes attenuated pulmonary vasoconstrictor responsiveness. To test this hypothesis, we(More)