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Male rats demonstrate persistent endothelium-dependent attenuation of vasoconstrictor reactivity following chronic hypoxia (CH). Since estrogen may interfere with hypoxia-induced gene expression, we hypothesized that gender differences exist in this response to CH. However, in conscious, instrumented rats, we found that CH resulted in a similar persistent(More)
We found that the selective stimulation of the intracellular, transmembrane G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), also known as GPR30, acutely lowers blood pressure after infusion in normotensive rats and dilates both rodent and human arterial blood vessels. Stimulation of GPER blocks vasoconstrictor-induced changes in intracellular calcium(More)
Communication between vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells via low-resistance gap junctions may facilitate vascular function by synchronizing the contractile state of individual cells within the vessel wall. We hypothesized that inhibition of gap junctional communication would impair constrictor responses of mesenteric resistance arteries. Immunohistochemical(More)
We previously demonstrated augmented endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO)-dependent pulmonary arterial dilation and increased arterial endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) levels in chronic hypoxic (CH) and monocrotaline (nonhypoxic) models of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Therefore, we hypothesized that the long-term elevation of arterial eNOS(More)
We have previously demonstrated that arterial, but not venous, vasodilatory responses to endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO)-dependent agonists are enhanced in lungs isolated from rats with chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension. These data suggest that CH is associated with increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASIC) are voltage-insensitive, cationic channels that have recently been identified in vascular smooth muscle (VSM). It is possible that ASIC contribute to vascular reactivity via Na(+) and Ca(2+) conductance; however, their function in VSM is largely unknown. In pulmonary VSM, store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) plays a(More)
The ovarian hormone 17beta-estradiol (E2beta) attenuates chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. We hypothesized that E2beta attenuates this response to hypoxia by decreasing pulmonary expression of the vasoactive and mitogenic peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1). To test this hypothesis, we measured preproET-1 mRNA and ET-1 peptide levels in the lungs of(More)
Pulmonary hypertension occurs with prolonged exposure to chronic hypoxia in both adults and neonates. The Ca(2+)-dependent transcription factor, nuclear factor of activated T cells isoform c3 (NFATc3), has been implicated in chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling in adult mice. Therefore, we hypothesized that NFATc3 is required for chronic(More)
We reported previously that 17-beta estradiol (E2-beta) attenuates hypoxic induction of erythropoietin (EPO) synthesis in rats. We hypothesized this attenuation is mediated by increased nitric oxide (NO) bio-availability. To investigate this hypothesis, ovariectomized estrogen-depleted rats were instrumented with arterial and venous catheters and treated(More)
Exposure to chronic hypoxia induces erythropoietin (EPO) production to facilitate oxygen delivery to hypoxic tissues. Previous studies from our laboratory found that ovariectomy (OVX) exacerbates the polycythemic response to hypoxia and treatment with 17beta-estradiol (E2-beta) inhibits this effect. We hypothesized that E2-beta decreases EPO gene expression(More)