Thomas C. Pearson

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A workshop was held September 27 through 29, 1999, to address issues relating to national trends in mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular diseases; the apparent slowing of declines in mortality from cardiovascular diseases; levels and trends in risk factors for cardiovascular diseases; disparities in cardiovascular diseases by race/ethnicity,(More)
The receptor-ligand pairs CD28-B7 and CD40-gp39 are essential for the initiation and amplification of T-cell-dependent immune responses. CD28-B7 interactions provide 'second signals' necessary for optimal T-cell activation and IL-2 production, whereas CD40-gp39 signals co-stimulate B-cell, macrophage, endothelial cell and T-cell activation. Nonetheless,(More)
The 4-1BB receptor is an inducible type I membrane protein and member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily that is rapidly expressed on the surface of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells after antigen- or mitogen-induced activation. Cross-linking of 4-1BB and the T cell receptor (TCR) on activated T cells has been shown to deliver a costimulatory(More)
Many strategies have been proposed to induce tolerance to transplanted tissue in rodents; however, few if any have shown equal efficacy when tested in nonhuman primate transplant models. We hypothesized that a critical distinction between specific pathogen-free mice and nonhuman primates or human patients is their acquired immune history. Here, we show that(More)
Current success in organ transplantation is dependent upon the use of calcineurin-inhibitor-based immunosuppressive regimens. Unfortunately, current immunotherapy targets molecules with ubiquitous expression resulting in devastating non-immune side effects. T-cell costimulation has been identified as a new potential immunosuppressive target. The best(More)
We evaluated the ability of neonatal porcine islets to engraft and restore glucose control in pancreatectomized rhesus macaques. Although porcine islets transplanted into nonimmunosuppressed macaques were rapidly rejected by a process consistent with cellular rejection, recipients treated with a CD28-CD154 costimulation blockade regimen achieved sustained(More)
Simultaneous blockade of the CD40 and CD28 costimulatory pathways is an effective treatment strategy to promote allograft acceptance but does not lead to indefinite allograft survival. The immune mechanisms responsible for costimulation-independent rejection are not defined. Here we have studied the rejection responses of murine C57BL/6 recipients, which we(More)
4-1BB (CD137) is a costimulatory molecule expressed on activated T cells and interacts with 4-1BB ligand (4-1BBL) on APCs. To investigate the role of 4-1BB costimulation for the development of primary immune responses, 4-1BBL-deficient (4-1BBL-/-) mice were infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). 4-1BBL-/- mice were able to generate CTL and(More)
Mixed hemopoietic chimerism has the potential to correct genetic hemological diseases (sickle cell anemia, thalassemia) and eliminate chronic immunosuppressive therapy following organ transplantation. To date, most strategies require either recipient conditioning (gamma-irradiation, depletion of the peripheral immune system) or administration of "mega"(More)
Writing Group I of Prevention Conference V reviewed the role of medical office assessment in the detection of risk factors and estimation of total cardiovascular risk. The primary focus was on identification of known risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Population screening may identify risk factors that prompt people to seek clinical(More)