Thomas C. Lee

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The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of duloxetine, a balanced and potent dual reuptake inhibitor of serotonin and norepinephrine, in the management of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain. Serotonin and norepinephrine are thought to inhibit pain via descending pain pathways. In a 12-week, multicenter, double-blind study, 457(More)
Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Laura) were separated, according to the ripening stage, by a sensory panel into seven groups, and color was measured on the tomato surface with a Minolta Chroma meter. The L, a, b, hue, chroma, and lycopene content were plotted against the maturity stages of the tomatoes, and several good correlations were found. The(More)
Retinoblastomas result from the inactivation of the RB1 gene and the loss of Rb protein, yet the cell type in which Rb suppresses retinoblastoma and the circuitry that underlies the need for Rb are undefined. Here, we show that retinoblastoma cells express markers of postmitotic cone precursors but not markers of other retinal cell types. We also(More)
Our bones are full of cracks, which form and grow as a result of daily loading activities. Bone is the major structural material in our bodies. Although weaker than many engineering materials, it has one trick that keeps it ahead - it can repair itself. Small cracks, which grow under cyclic stresses by the mechanism of fatigue, can be detected and removed(More)
Fatigue damage in bone occurs in the form of microcracks. This microdamage contributes to the formation of stress fractures and acts as a stimulus for bone remodelling. A technique has been developed, which allows microcrack growth to be monitored during the course of a fatigue test by the application of a series of fluorescent chelating agents. Specimens(More)
The effectiveness of a cardiovascular stent depends on many factors, such as its ability to sustain the compression applied by the vessel wall, minimal longitudinal contraction when it is expanded, and its ability to flex when navigating tortuous blood vessels. The long-term reaction of the tissue to the stent is also device dependant; in particular some(More)
Basic fuchsin labels microcracks, but a series of stains is required to differentiate between preexisting and test-induced microcracks and to label their growth in vitro. Basic fuchsin and five chelating agents-alizarin complexone, calcein, calcein blue, oxytetracycline, and xylenol orange-were randomly assigned to label microcracks in sequential rib(More)
En bloc staining with basic fuchsin is an established method for demonstrating microdamage in bone. Using transmitted light microscopy, variations in light intensity, depth of focus and magnification are necessary to distinguish fully-stained microcracks generated in vivo, from partially-stained or unstained artefactual cracks due to cutting and machining.(More)
Compact bone makes up approximately 80% of the human skeleton by mass; but there are little data available on the effects of increased bone turnover on compact bone mechanical and material properties. This study addresses this question by measuring intracortical remodeling, resorption cavity number, and porosity in an ovariectomized (OVX) sheep model, and(More)
Bone remodelling is an intricate process encompassing numerous paracrine and autocrine biochemical pathways and mechanical mechanisms. It is responsible for maintaining bone homeostasis, structural integrity and function. The RANKL-RANK-OPG cytokine system is one of the principal mediators in the maintenance of bone cell function and activation of bone(More)