Thomas C. Heineman

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BACKGROUND Two previous studies of a herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) subunit vaccine containing glycoprotein D in HSV-discordant couples revealed 73% and 74% efficacy against genital disease in women who were negative for both HSV type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 antibodies. Efficacy was not observed in men or HSV-1 seropositive women. METHODS We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Previously we conducted a double-blind controlled, randomized efficacy field trial of gD-2 HSV vaccine adjuvanted with ASO4 in 8323 women. Subjects had been previously selected to be seronegative for HSV-1 and HSV-2. We found that vaccine was 82% protective against HSV-1 genital disease, but offered no significant protection against HSV-2 genital(More)
Innate cellular immunity is the immediate host response against pathogens, and activation of innate immunity also modulates the induction of adaptive immunity. The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) are a family of intracellular receptors that recognize conserved patterns associated with intracellular pathogens, but(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus infections type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) are common, but the epidemiology of HSV disease is changing. METHODS HSV-seronegative women, aged 18-30 years, who were in the control arm of the HERPEVAC Trial for Women were followed for 20 months for primary HSV infections. RESULTS Of the 3438 evaluable participants, 183(More)
Although infection with human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is ubiquitous and generally asymptomatic in most individuals, certain patient populations are at high risk for CMV-associated disease. These include HIV-infected individuals with AIDS, transplant patients, and newborn infants with congenital CMV infection. Immunity to CMV infection, both in the transplant(More)
To investigate the role of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) open reading frame 47 (ORF47) protein kinase during infection, a VZV mutant was generated in which two contiguous stop codons were introduced into ORF47, thus eliminating expression of the ORF47 kinase. ORF47 kinase was not essential for the growth of VZV in cultured cells, and the growth rate of the(More)
The varicella-zoster virus (VZV) genes ORF47 and ORF66 are predicted to encode serine/threonine protein kinases, which are homologs of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) UL13, and US3. When mutants were constructed by inserting stop codons into ORF47 and ORF66, the recombinants ROka47S and ROka66S, as well as intact ROka replicated in tissue culture. In(More)
BACKGROUND An adjuvanted recombinant varicella zoster virus (VZV) subunit vaccine is being developed for the prevention of herpes zoster and its complications. METHODS In a phase I/II, open-label, randomized, parallel-group study, older adults (50-70 years) received 2 doses 2 months apart of an adjuvanted recombinant glycoprotein E vaccine (HZ/su; n =(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 (HSV-2) is the main cause of genital and neonatal herpes and is highly prevalent worldwide. Previous phase I and II studies showed the immunogenicity and safety of the candidate prophylactic HSV-2 glycoprotein D-based subunit vaccine (gD2-AS04), containing aluminum hydroxide and 3-O-deacylated monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL)(More)
The safety and immunogenicity of a novel hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine containing recombinant PreS2 and S antigens combined with MF59 adjuvant (HBV/MF59) was evaluated in healthy adults (N=230) who were randomized to receive 2 or 3 immunizations of either the study vaccine or a licensed control vaccine (Recombivax HB). After a single immunization, 105 of(More)