Thomas C. Hart

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INTRODUCTION Medullary cystic kidney disease 2 (MCKD2) and familial juvenile hyperuricaemic nephropathy (FJHN) are both autosomal dominant renal diseases characterised by juvenile onset of hyperuricaemia, gout, and progressive renal failure. Clinical features of both conditions vary in presence and severity. Often definitive diagnosis is possible only after(More)
BACKGROUND Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome is a rare, sporadic, autosomal dominant syndrome that involves premature aging, generally leading to death at approximately 13 years of age due to myocardial infarction or stroke. The genetic basis of most cases of this syndrome is a change from glycine GGC to glycine GGT in codon 608 of the lamin A (LMNA)(More)
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare, autosomal dominant form of gingival overgrowth. Affected individuals have a benign, slowly progressive, nonhemorrhagic, fibrous enlargement of the oral masticatory mucosa. Genetic loci for autosomal dominant forms of HGF have been localized to chromosome 2p21-p22 (HGF1) and chromosome 5q13-q22 (HGF2). To(More)
A new case of familial tumoral calcinosis (FTC)/hyperostosis–hyperphosphatemia syndrome (HHS) due to a novel compound heterozygous mutation in N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (GALNT3) and with new phenotypic findings is presented. The response in serum phosphate and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) to medical treatment is detailed. This case expands(More)
OBJECTIVE Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is frequently complicated by severe infections and graft-vs-host disease (GVHD). Saliva contains many components of adaptive and innate immune response crucial for local host defenses. Changes in salivary constituents could reflect systemic processes such as immune reconstitution and(More)
The amelogenesis imperfectas (AI) are a group of hereditary enamel defects characterized by clinical and genetic diversity. The most common AI types are inherited as autosomal traits. Three mutations of the enamelin (ENAM) gene have been found in cases of autosomal dominant hypoplastic AI. The gene(s) responsible for hypocalcified forms of AI have not been(More)
BACKGROUND Uromodulin (Tamm Horsfall glycoprotein) is the most abundant protein found in normal human urine. Its function has yet to be determined. Identifying mutations in the uromodulin gene may be helpful in understanding the function of uromodulin. There has been 1 report of 4 families suffering from mutations in the uromodulin gene, resulting in the(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the uromodulin (UMOD) gene that encodes Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) cause an autosomal-dominant form of chronic renal failure. We have now investigated effects of UMOD gene mutations on protein expression by quantitatively measuring THP excretion. METHODS THP excretion was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of(More)
Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis (JHF) and infantile systemic hyalinosis (ISH) are rare, autosomal recessive disorders of the connective tissue caused by mutations in the gene encoding the anthrax toxin receptor 2 protein (ANTXR2) located on chromosome 4q21. Characteristically, these conditions present with overlapping clinical features, such as nodules and/or(More)
As a consequence of uromodulin gene mutations, individuals develop precocious hyperuricemia, gout, and progressive renal failure. In vitro studies suggest that pathologic accumulation of uromodulin/Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (THP) occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), but the pathophysiology of renal damage is unclear. It was hypothesized that(More)