Thomas Bruls

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Our knowledge of species and functional composition of the human gut microbiome is rapidly increasing, but it is still based on very few cohorts and little is known about variation across the world. By combining 22 newly sequenced faecal metagenomes of individuals from four countries with previously published data sets, here we identify three robust(More)
The human genome is by far the largest genome to be sequenced, and its size and complexity present many challenges for sequence assembly. The International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium constructed a map of the whole genome to enable the selection of clones for sequencing and for the accurate assembly of the genome sequence. Here we report the(More)
Syncytin-2 is an envelope gene from the human endogenous retrovirus FRD (HERV-FRD) co-opted by an ancestral primate host, conserved in evolution over >40 Myr, specifically expressed in the placenta, and with a cell-cell fusogenic activity likely contributing to placenta morphogenesis. Here, using the GeneBridge4 human/Chinese hamster radiation hybrid panel,(More)
The human genome holds an extraordinary trove of information about human development, physiology, medicine and evolution. Here we report the results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome. We also present an initial analysis of the data, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned(More)
Expressed-sequence tag (EST) maps are an adjunct to sequence-based analytical methods of gene detection and localization for those species for which such data are available, and provide anchors for high-density homology and orthology mapping in species for which large-scale sequencing has yet to be done. Species for which radiation hybrid-based transcript(More)
Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPD), MIM 208230, is an autosomal-recessive disorder, clinically characterized by spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia and progressive arthropathy. Linkage analysis of three families of different geographic and ethnic origin, including 11 affected individuals, showed strong evidence for localization of a gene for progressive(More)
As the largest set of sequence variants, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) constitute powerful assets for mapping genes and mutations related to common diseases and for pharmacogenetic studies. A major goal in human genetics is to establish a high-density map of the genome containing several hundred thousand SNPs. Here we assayed 3.7 Mb (154,397 bp in(More)
A culture-independent function-based screening approach was used to assess the microbial aerobic catabolome for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons degradation of a soil subjected to 12 years of in situ bioremediation. A total of 422 750 fosmid clones were screened for key aromatic ring-cleavage activities using 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl as substrate. Most of the(More)
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