Thomas Brueser

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Halophilic archaea thrive in environments with salt concentrations approaching saturation. However, little is known about the way in which these organisms stabilize their secreted proteins in such 'hostile' conditions. Here, we present data suggesting that the utilization of protein translocation pathways for protein secretion by the Halobacteriaceae(More)
The Tat (twin-arginine translocation) system of Escherichia coli serves to translocate folded proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. The reasons established so far for the Tat dependence are cytoplasmic cofactor assembly and/or heterodimerization of the respective proteins. We were interested in the reasons for the Tat dependence of novel Tat substrates(More)
In bacteria, two major pathways exist to secrete proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. The general Secretion route, termed Sec-pathway, catalyzes the transmembrane translocation of proteins in their unfolded conformation, whereupon they fold into their native structure at the trans-side of the membrane. The Twin-arginine translocation pathway, termed(More)
Sulfide oxidation in the phototrophic purple sulfur bacterium Chromatium vinosum D (DSMZ 180T) was studied by insertional inactivation of the fccAB genes, which encode flavocytochrome c, a protein that exhibits sulfide dehydrogenase activity in vitro. Flavocytochrome c is located in the periplasmic space as shown by a PhoA fusion to the signal peptide of(More)
During AMP-dependent sulfite oxidation by some sulfur bacteria, the liberation of sulfate from adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate (APS) is catalyzed by APS:phosphate adenylyltransferase (APAT). Here we report the first biochemical and genetic characterization of APAT. We isolated this enzyme from the chemolithoautotroph Thiobacillus denitrificans and cloned the(More)
The twin arginine translocation (Tat) system is a machinery which can translocate folded proteins across energy transducing membranes. Currently it is supposed that Tat substrates bind directly to Tat translocon components before a ApH-driven translocation occurs. In this review, an alternative model is presented which proposes that membrane integration(More)
The phage shock protein A (PspA) of Escherichia coli stabilizes the cytoplasmic membrane under stress conditions. Here we demonstrate that PspA can form hollow spherical or prolate spheroidal particles of about 30-40nm diameter with a scaffold-like arrangement of protein subunits at the surface. The 'PspA-scaffold' is the basic structure that is common to(More)
Twin-arginine translocation (Tat) systems allow the translocation of folded proteins across biological membranes of most prokaryotes. In proteobacteria, a TatBC complex binds Tat substrates and initiates their translocation after recruitment of the component TatA. TatA and TatB belong to one protein family, but only TatB forms stable complexes with TatC.(More)
The Tat (twin-arginine translocation) system from Escherichia coli transports folded proteins with N-terminal twin-arginine signal peptides across the cytoplasmic membrane. The influence of general chaperones on Tat substrate targeting has not been clarified so far. Here we show that the chaperones SlyD and DnaK bind to a broad range of different Tat signal(More)
The Tat system allows the translocation of folded and often cofactor-containing proteins across biological membranes. Here, we show by an interspecies transfer of a complete Tat translocon that Tat systems are largely, but not fully, interchangeable even between different classes of proteobacteria. The Tat apparatus from the alpha-proteobacterium(More)