Thomas Branch

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Human gastric mucosa contains three immunochemically distinguishable aspartic proteinases, pepsinogen I (pepsinogen A), pepsinogen II (pepsinogen C, progastricsin), and a nonpepsinogen proteinase also termed slow moving proteinase (SMP). The properties of SMP, and in particular its relationship to another aspartic proteinase, cathepsin D, were examined in(More)
A fully automated high-throughput liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) methodology has been developed for preparation of biological samples using a 96-well LLE plate and a 96-channel robotic liquid handling workstation. The 96-well LLE plate is made of a 96-well filter plate filled with inert diatomaceous earth particles, allowing continuous and efficient(More)
A series of carboxylic acids were prepared from a propargylglycine scaffold and tested for efficacy as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors. Detailed SAR for the series is reported for four enzymes within the MMP family. The inhibitors were typically potent against collagenase-3 (MMP-13) and gelatinase A (MMP-2), while they spared collagenase-1 (MMP-1)(More)
Diffusion prior to tissue fixation may result in immunohistochemical localization of antigen at sites in which it does not occur in vivo. The extent and speed with which this may occur have been investigated with several antigens of different molecular weights in tissues which were left unfixed for various lengths of time. There was clear evidence of(More)
A series of carboxylic acids was prepared based on cyclohexylglycine scaffolds and tested for potency as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors. Detailed SAR for the series is reported for five enzymes within the MMP family, and a number of inhibitors such as compound 18 display low nanomolar potency for MMP-2 and MMP-13, while selectively sparing MMP-1(More)
In order to assess the performance of individual smear takers, their rates of inadequate smears, due to insufficient material, were monitored between 1992 and 1996. Although the yearly average clinic inadequate rates were all at acceptable levels, there was great variation of rates between smear takers, ranging from 0% to 19.5%. Identification of(More)
The kinetics of the interactions between amyloid-β (Aβ) and metal ions are crucial to understanding the physiological and pathological roles of Aβ in the normal brain and in Alzheimer's disease. Using the quenching of a fluorescent probe by Cu(2+), the mechanism of Aβ/Cu(2+) interactions in physiologically relevant conditions has been elucidated. Cu(2+)(More)
The distribution and time of appearance in the developing human stomach of the 4 aspartic proteinases, pepsinogen, progastricsin, slow-moving protease and cathepsin D, all present in gastric carcinoma, has been determined by the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method on formalin fixed paraffin embedded sections of fetal stomach. Slow-moving protease appears to be(More)
Mutations and post-translational modifications of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide in its N terminus have been shown to increase fibril formation, yet the molecular mechanism is not clear. Here we investigated the kinetics of the interactions of copper with two Aβ peptides containing Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) mutations (English (H6R) and Tottori (D7N)), as(More)