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The neoplastic process may involve a cancer stem cell. This concept has emerged largely from the careful analysis of tumour biopsy systems from haematological, breast and brain tumours. However, the experimental systems necessary to provide the cellular and molecular evidence to support this important concept have been lacking. We have used adult(More)
BMPs stimulate new bone formation, but may also accelerate bone resorption. We added rhBMP-2 and pamidronate to morselized bone allograft packed around uncemented HA-coated and non-coated porous Ti implants in sixteen dogs. Each dog received four implants where the allograft was added (1) nothing, (2) BMP, (3) BP, and (4) BMP+BP. After four weeks, the(More)
We compared processed morselized bone allograft with fresh-frozen bone graft around noncemented titanium implants. Also, the influence of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in combination with bone allograft was evaluated. Analysis was based on implant fixation and histomorphometry. PRP was prepared by isolating the buffy coat from autologous blood samples. Bone(More)
AIMS Family history is an established risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI), but it is not clear how this risk changes with number and gender of first-degree relatives with MI. We used the entire Danish population to examine the importance of MI in siblings and parents. METHODS AND RESULTS This study is a retrospective nationwide register-based(More)
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous source of growth factors. By application of PRP around cementless implants alone or in combination with bone allograft chips, early implant fixation and gap healing could be improved. We inserted two porous HA coated titanium implants extraarticularly in each proximal humerus of eight dogs. Each implant was(More)
In each femoral condyle of 8 Labrador dogs, a non weight-bearing hydroxyapatite-coated implant was inserted surrounded by a 3 mm gap. Each gap was filled with bone allograft or ProOsteon with or without OP-1 delivered in a bovine collagen type I carrier (OP-1 device). 300 microg OP-1 was used in the 0.75 cc gap surrounding the implant. After 3 weeks, the(More)
Impacted bone allograft is often used in revision joint replacement. Hydroxyapatite granules have been suggested as a substitute or to enhance morcellised bone allograft. We hypothesised that adding osteogenic protein-1 to a composite of bone allograft and non-resorbable hydroxyapatite granules (ProOsteon) would improve the incorporation of bone and implant(More)
Growth factors with specific effects on bone cells have been known of for more than a decade. Clinical usage of growth factors has recently become possible due to recombinant gene technology. In vivo studies over the last five years have demonstrated that growth factors can stimulate bone formation and bone healing and these results have made growth factors(More)
Bone resorption associated with local trauma occurring during insertion of joint prostheses is recognized as an early event. Being an osteoclastic inhibitor, alendronate is a potential candidate means to decrease early periprosthetic bone resorption and thereby improve implant fixation. We investigated the influence of oral alendronate treatment on early(More)
This study addresses the clinical problems regarding access of wear debris to the bone-implant interface and the possible dissemination of polyethylene (PE) particles to distant organs. We inserted two implants into each knee of 7 dogs allowing access of joint fluid to the bone-implant interface with a 0.75 mm initial gap around the implant. Hydroxyapatite(More)