Learn More
In the present experiments, we characterized the action of human/rat corticotropin-releasing factor (h/rCRF) and acute stress (1 hr of immobilization) on hippocampus-dependent learning and on synaptic plasticity in the mouse hippocampus. We first showed that h/rCRF application and acute stress facilitated (primed) long-term potentiation of population spikes(More)
Cognitive deficits are among the most devastating changes associated with the aging process. Age-related decrement in performance on learning tasks is correlated with substantial changes in neuronal signal processing in the hippocampus. Here we show that elevated expression of small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (SK channels) of the SK3 type in(More)
It has become evident recently only that microglia are not only responsible for immunomodulatory functions in the brain but represent vital components of the larger synaptic formation, which also includes pre and postsynaptic neurones as well as astrocytes. Microglia critically contribute to CNS homeostasis by their actions in phagocytosis of cellular(More)
The central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) has been traditionally viewed in fear conditioning to serve as an output neural center that transfers conditioned information formed in the basolateral amygdala to brain structures that generate emotional responses. Recent studies suggest that the CeA may also be involved in fear memory consolidation. In addition,(More)
Research into the biology of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has been intensified significantly by the structural characterization of the CRF receptor (CRF-R). Two receptor subtypes, CRF-R1 and CRF-R2, and three functional splice variants of CRF-R2 have been discovered. It appears that ligand binding requires interaction of the N-terminal domain with(More)
Glutamatergic and dopaminergic effects on molecular processes have been extensively investigated in the basal ganglia. It has been demonstrated that NMDA and dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptors interact in the regulation of signal transduction and induction of transcription factors. In the present experiments, NMDA/dopamine interactions were investigated in(More)
Previous studies have shown that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induces neuroprotection against excitotoxic damage in primary cortical neurons via sustained nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation. The transcription factor NF-kappaB can regulate the expression of small conductance calcium-activated potassium (K(Ca)) channels. These channels(More)
Throughout the CNS, small conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (SK) channels modulate firing frequency and neuronal excitability. We have identified a novel, shorter isoform of standard SK2 (SK2-std) in mouse brain which we named SK2-sh. SK2-sh is alternatively spliced at exon 3 and therefore lacks 140 amino acids, which include transmembrane domains S3,(More)
The c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) belong to the subfamily of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). JNK is an important signaling enzyme that is involved in many facets of cellular regulation including gene expression, cell proliferation and programmed cell death. Activation of JNK isoforms (JNK1, 2, and 3) is regarded as a molecular switch in stress(More)
Modulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated ion currents by serotonin was investigated with a two-electrode voltage clamp technique in Xenopus oocytes injected with rat brain RNA. After a 1-min application of 200 nM serotonin a transient potentiation of the NMDA receptor-mediated ion currents was observed. The serotonin-induced enhancement(More)