Thomas Björk

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Prostate specific antigen (PSA) in serum has recently been shown to occur in complex with alpha 1-antichymotrypsin and as an approximately 30 kDa. noncomplexed molecular form. We characterized PSA by 3 different assays in samples from 144 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and 121 with carcinoma of the prostate. One of these noncompetitive(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between concentration of prostate specific antigen (PSA) at age 40-55 and subsequent risk of prostate cancer metastasis and mortality in an unscreened population to evaluate when to start screening for prostate cancer and whether rescreening could be risk stratified. DESIGN Case-control study with 1:3 matching nested(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relation between concentrations of prostate specific antigen at age 60 and subsequent diagnosis of clinically relevant prostate cancer in an unscreened population to evaluate whether screening for prostate cancer and chemoprevention could be stratified by risk. DESIGN Case-control study with 1:3 matching nested within a highly(More)
PURPOSE We examined whether prostate-specific antigen (PSA) forms and human kallikrein 2 (hK2) measured at age 44 to 50 years predict long-term risk of incident prostate cancer. METHODS From 1974 to 1986, 21,277 men age 50 years in Malmö, Sweden, enrolled onto a cardiovascular study (74% participation). The rate of PSA screening in this population is low.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the clinical value of measuring human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2) compared with free and total prostate specific antigen (PSA-F and PSA-T) in serum from patients with prostate disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Serum from healthy controls, from men with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa), and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the distribution and production of alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (ACT) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in benign hyperplastic and malignant prostatic tissue, respectively. METHODS Using monoclonal anti-ACT and anti-PSA IgGs for immunocytochemistry and alkaline phosphatase conjugated 30-mer oligodeoxynucleotide probes for(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a chymotrypsin-like serine protease exclusively produced by the prostate epithelium, and abundant in seminal fluid. In serum, PSA is predominantly complexed to a liver-derived serine protease inhibitor, alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT). A higher proportion of serum PSA is complexed to ACT in prostate cancer than in benign(More)
We developed a simple one-step dual-label immunoassay for simultaneous measurement of the free, noncomplexed form of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and total PSA. The assay is based on time-resolved fluorescence and includes a stable fluorescent chelate of Eu to label a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that detects only free PSA, whereas a second mAb labeled with(More)
PURPOSE We studied plasma concentrations and elimination rates of prostate specific antigen (PSA) complexed to alpha1-antichymotrypsin and alpha2-macroglobulin, free PSA, total PSA (free PSA plus PSA alpha1-antichymotrypsin) and human glandular kallikrein 2 before, during and after radical retropubic prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer.(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the rates of elimination of total prostate-specific antigen (PSA-T), free PSA (PSA-F), and PSA complexed to alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (PSA-ACT) from blood after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS We obtained venous blood from 10 patients with prostate cancer who were undergoing RRP. We analyzed PSA-F and PSA-ACT and(More)