Thomas Bernd Dschietzig

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Human congestive heart failure is characterized by complex neurohumoral activation associated with the up-regulation of vasoconstricting and salt-retaining mediators and the compensatory rise of counter-regulatory hormones. In the present study, we provide the first evidence that relaxin (RLX), known as a pregnancy hormone, represents a potential(More)
BACKGROUND Relaxin is upregulated in human heart failure (HF). Animal and clinical data suggest beneficial hemodynamic and renal effects from vasodilation. We determined safety, tolerability, and pharmacodynamic effects of human Relaxin in stable HF. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixteen patients were treated with open-label intravenous Relaxin in 3 dose-escalation(More)
The peptide urotensin-II (U-II) has been described as most potent vasoconstrictor identified so far, but plasma values in humans and its role in cardiovascular pathophysiology are unknown. We investigated circulating urotensin-II and its potential role in human congestive heart failure (CHF). We enrolled control individuals (n=13; cardiac index [CI],(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor and mitogen, is upregulated in pulmonary tissue during endotoxemia and contributes markedly to endotoxin-induced pulmonary hypertension. It is, however, unknown whether the ET receptors, ET(A) and ET(B), are differentially regulated in endotoxemic pulmonary vasculature and how this may impact on pulmonary(More)
AIMS Human relaxin-2 influences renal and cardiovascular functions. We investigated its effects on experimental endothelial dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS Acetylcholine-mediated vasodilation of rat aortic rings, impaired by 48 h tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) treatment, was dose-dependently improved by relaxin co-incubation, an effect sensitive to(More)
The effects of adrenomedullin in the regulation of myocardial contractility were investigated in the rat. In papillary muscles (n=6), adrenomedullin (0.1 to 10 nM) failed to show contractile effects. NO (nitric oxide) synthase inhibition with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG) did not unmask any inotropic effect of adrenomedullin. The positive inotropic effect(More)
BACKGROUND Relaxin-2, a candidate drug for acute heart failure, has been tested successfully in the first human trials. We investigated relaxin's inotropic effects in human myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS In atrial samples from donor (n = 7) and failing (n = 7) hearts, relaxin-2 evoked remarkable positive inotropic effects: showing a half maximum(More)
The insulin-like peptide relaxin is a central hormone of pregnancy, but it also produces anti-fibrotic, myocardial, renal, central-nervous, and vascular effects. Recently, two G protein-coupled receptors, LGR7 and LGR8, have been identified as relaxin receptors. Prompted by reports on immunoregulatory effects of relaxin, we investigated possible(More)
The peptide relaxin has long been regarded as an important hormone of pregnancy, contributing to changes in connective tissue composition as well as to regulation of implantation, myometrial activity and labor. On the other hand, the astonishing pleiotropy of this hormone escaped scientific awareness. This review focuses on new facets of relaxin, including(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the (patho)physiology of the negative muscle regulator myostatin (Myo) is important for patients with skeletal muscle disorders or cardiac disease. However, a reliable tool for measuring plasma Myo immunoreactivity is still lacking. METHODS Human full-length proMyo was used to raise a polyclonal rabbit antiserum for a competitive(More)