Thomas Bernard Fitzpatrick

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Melasma is an acquired brown hypermelanosis of the face. Although it is thought that melasma is associated with multiple etiologic factors (pregnancy, gastric, racial, and endocrine), one of the primary causes of its exacerbation appears to be exposure to sunlight. Three patterns of melasma are recognized clinically: (1) a centrofacial pattern, (2) a malar(More)
BACKGROUND UV radiation induces damage to human skin. Protection of skin by an oral photoprotective agent would have substantial benefits. Objective We investigated the photoprotective effect of oral administration of an extract of the natural antioxidant Polypodium leucotomos (PL). METHODS A total of 9 healthy participants of skin types II to III were(More)
A 5.7-year prospective study of 1380 patients treated for psoriasis with oral methoxsalen (8-methoxypsoralen) and ultraviolet A photochemotherapy (PUVA) revealed that after adjustment for exposures to ionizing radiation and topical tar preparations, the risk that cutaneous squamous-cell carcinoma would develop at least 22 months after the first exposure to(More)
Sunburn, immune suppression, photoaging, and skin cancers result from uncontrolled overexposure of human skin to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Preventive measures, including photoprotection, are helpful and can be achieved by topical sunscreening agents. Polypodium leucotomos (PL) has been used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and has shown(More)
Extensive psoriasis in 1,308 patients has been treated two or three times a week with oral 8-methoxypsoralen followed by high intensity, long-wave ultraviolet light (PUVA). Excluding 169 patients still under early treatment, psoriasis cleared in 88% and failed to clear in 3%. One percent dropped out due to complications of treatment, and 8% for other(More)
Subcellular defects of hypomelanosis in tuberous sclerosis (TS) (28 subjects) were compared by light and electron microscopy with oThere forms of congenital circumscribed hypomelanosis that occur in nevus depigmentosus (ND) (8 subjects) and in piebaldism (PB) (4 subjects), respectively. On the light microscopic level in both TS and ND, the population(More)
We treated with high doses of oral beta carotene (Solatene) (15 to 180 mg/day) 133 patients suffering from erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), 27 patients with polymorphous light eruption, six patients with solar urticaria, three patients with hydroa aestivale, one patient with porphyria cutanea tarda, and two patients with actinic reticuloid to relieve(More)