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Acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by damage to the lung caused by various insults, including ventilation itself, and tidal hyperinflation can lead to ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). We investigated the effects of a low tidal volume (V T) strategy (V T ≈ 3 ml/kg/predicted body weight [PBW]) using pumpless extracorporeal lung assist(More)
Cerebral and extracerebral effects of moderate hypothermia (core temperature 32.5 degrees C-33.0 degrees C) were prospectively studied in 10 patients with severe closed head injury (Glasgow Coma Scale score < 7) in the intensive care unit of a university hospital. Hypothermia was induced by cooling the patient's body surface with water-circulating blankets.(More)
OBJECTIVE Pump-driven extracorporeal gas exchange systems have been advocated in patients suffering from severe acute respiratory distress syndrome who are at risk for life-threatening hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia. This requires extended technical and staff support. DESIGN We report retrospectively our experience with a new pumpless extracorporeal(More)
The evolution of the epidemiology and mortality of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) remains unclear. The present study investigates the evolving epidemiology and mortality of various ECMO techniques in Germany over time, used for both severe respiratory and cardiac failure. Data on all patients receiving venovenous (vv-ECMO) and venoarterial(More)
We investigated the effects of aerosolized prostacyclin (PGI2) administration on hemodynamics and pulmonary gas exchange in 8 patients with severe respiratory failure and acute pulmonary hypertension. Nebulization of epoprostenol (5 ng/kg body weight for 15 min) decreased mean pulmonary blood pressure from 41.2 +/- 6.7 mm Hg (mean +/- SD, before(More)
INTRODUCTION Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) can be a life-saving therapy in patients with severe acute lung failure refractory to conventional therapy. Nevertheless, vvECMO is a procedure associated with high costs and resource utilization. The aim of this study was to assess published models for prediction of mortality following(More)
We assessed the distribution of regional lung ventilation during moderate and steep lateral posture using electrical impedance tomography (EIT) in mechanically ventilated patients. Seven patients were placed on a kinetic treatment table. An elastic belt containing 16 electrodes was placed around the chest and was connected to the EIT device. Patients were(More)
INTRODUCTION Mortality of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome in adults is still unacceptably high. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) could represent an important treatment option, if complications were reduced by new technical developments. METHODS Efficiency, side effects and outcome of treatment with a new miniaturized device for(More)
Respiratory acidosis can become a serious problem during protective ventilation of severe lung failure. A pumpless arteriovenous interventional lung assist (iLA) for extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal has been used increasingly to control critical respiratory situations. The present study sought to evaluate the factors determining the efficacy of iLA and(More)