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Electrical stimulation is the standard technique for exploring electrical behavior of heart muscle, but this approach has considerable technical limitations. Here we report expression of the light-activated cation channel channelrhodopsin-2 for light-induced stimulation of heart muscle in vitro and in mice. This method enabled precise localized stimulation(More)
AIMS Investigation of Gq signalling with pharmacological agonists of Gq-coupled receptors lacks spatio-temporal precision. The aim of this study was to establish melanopsin, a light-sensitive Gq-coupled receptor, as a new tool for the investigation of spatial and temporal effects of Gq stimulation on pacemaking in cardiomyocytes at an early developmental(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Serelaxin (SLX) is a recombinant form of human relaxin-2, a naturally occurring peptide that regulates maternal cardiovascular adaptations to pregnancy. It is unclear whether SLX has a therapeutic effect on atherosclerosis. Therefore, we investigated direct vascular effects of SLX in a mouse model of atherosclerosis. METHODS 6-8(More)
BACKGROUND Visually guided laserballoon (LB) ablation has recently been introduced for pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI). We analyzed efficacy and safety results of the newly introduced LB ablation technique in patients with persistent and longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation (AF), and compared this with an established standard method using the(More)
BACKGROUND The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) has emerged as a valuable tool to protect patients with increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). We sought to characterize WCD patients and to analyze predictors of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) occurrence and WCD shock delivery. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred fourteen patients with WCD use were(More)
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