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BACKGROUND Recently there has been interest in using subjective ratings as a measure of perceived effort during speech recognition in noise. Perceived effort may be an indicator of cognitive load. Thus, subjective effort ratings during speech recognition in noise may covary both with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and individual cognitive capacity. PURPOSE(More)
To study the spatial hearing abilities of bilateral hearing-aid users in multi-talker situations, 20 subjects received fittings configured to preserve acoustic cues salient for spatial hearing. Following acclimatization, speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were measured for three competing talkers that were either co-located or spatially separated along the(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the association between occupational exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC) and the risk of uveal melanoma using international data of a case-control study from nine European countries. METHODS After exclusion of proxy interviews, 280 cases and 3084 control subjects were included in the final (More)
OBJECTIVES The association between occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and the risk of uveal melanoma was investigated in a case-control study in nine European countries. METHODS Incident cases of uveal melanoma and population as well as hospital controls were included and frequency matched by country, 5-year birth cohort and sex.(More)
By integration of FTIR imaging and a novel trained random forest classifier, lung tumour classes and subtypes of adenocarcinoma are identified in fresh-frozen tissue slides automated and marker-free. The tissue slices are collected under standard operation procedures within our consortium and characterized by current gold standards in histopathology. In(More)
Several epidemiologic studies have indicated an increased risk of lung cancer among welders. We used the SYNERGY project database to assess welding as a risk factor for developing lung cancer. The database includes data on 15,483 male lung cancer cases and 18,388 male controls from 16 studies in Europe, Canada, China, and New Zealand conducted between 1985(More)
Chromosomal instability in exfoliated urothelial cells has been associated with the development of bladder cancer. Here, we analyzed the accumulation of copy number variations (CNVs) using fluorescence in situ hybridization in cancer cases and explored factors associated with the detection of CNVs in tumor-free men. The prospective UroScreen study was(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and what does the study add?: UroVysion™ is a multicolour fluorescence in situ hybridisation assay that detects DNA gain at chromosomes 3, 7 and 17 and loss at the 9p21 locus in exfoliated urothelial cells. This cell-based test is time-consuming and costly compared with voided urine cytology or other molecular markers(More)
Blood samples of urinary bladder cancer (UBC) patients and patients with urinary tract infection were analysed with advanced automated high throughput Fourier transform infrared (HT-FTIR)-spectroscopy. Thin dried film samples were robotically prepared on multi-well titer plates (MTP) for absorbance measurements in transmission mode. Within the absorbance,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate recent reports indicating that plasma levels of fibrinogen and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with age-related maculopathy (ARM). METHODS From the baseline examinations of the Muenster Aging and Retina Study, a cohort of 1060 subjects aged 59 to 82 years was assembled. Of these, 873 persons (82%) with(More)