Thomas Behnisch

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The involvement of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) is a matter of controversial debate. Using [Ca2+]i measurements by confocal laser scanning microscopy and field recordings of EPSPs (fEPSPs) in the hippocampal CA1-region, we found that the efficacy of the broad-spectrum mGluR-antagonist(More)
Expression of synaptic plasticity involves the translation of mRNA into protein and, probably, active protein degradation via the proteasome pathway. Here, we report on the rapid activation of synthesis and degradation of a probe protein with the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampal Schaffer collateral CA1 pathway. The proteasome(More)
VILIP (visinin-like protein) is a member of the neuronal subfamily of EF-hand calcium sensor proteins. Members of this family are involved in the calcium-dependent regulation of the desensitization of signal cascades in retinal photoreceptors. To gain insight into the function of VILIP in cell signaling, we have transfected wild-type VILIP and mutant VILIP(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been implicated in long-term potentiation and in learning and memory formation. In this study, we tested the effects of group I mGluR inhibition on synaptic plasticity and learning of rats at different levels of organization (1) in the hippocampal slice preparation; (2) in freely moving animals implanted with(More)
Long-term potentiation is an experimental paradigm used to study synaptic plasticity and memory mechanisms. One similarity between long-term potentiation and memory is the existence of several distinct phases. However, our preliminary quantal analysis did not reveal essential differences in expression mechanisms of the early (< 1 h) and later (up to 3 h)(More)
Activity-dependent regulation of synaptic efficacy is believed to underlie learning and memory formation. Here we show that protein degradation by the proteasome is required for the induction of the protein synthesis-dependent late-phase of long-term potentiation (late-LTP) but not for its maintenance. Proteasome activity was also key to the polarity of(More)
The activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptors (NMDARs) in synapses provides plasticity and cell survival signals, whereas NMDARs residing in the neuronal membrane outside synapses trigger neurodegeneration. At present, it is unclear how these opposing signals are transduced to and discriminated by the nucleus. In this study, we demonstrate that Jacob is(More)
Using field potential recording in the CA1-region of rat hippocampal slices we investigated the effect of apamin; a specific antagonist of small conductive calcium activated potassium channels on long-term potentiation (LTP). The experiments revealed that LTP of excitatory postsynaptic potentials induced by a single 100 Hz tetanization was intensified by(More)
'Minimal' excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) are often recorded from central neurones, specifically for quantal analysis. However the EPSPs may emerge from activation of several fibres or transmission sites so that formal quantal analysis may give false results. Here we extended application of the principal component analysis (PCA) to minimal EPSPs.(More)
Cultured hippocampal neurons and immature organotypic slice cultures overcome temporal limitations of acute hippocampal slices and have been useful for investigating long-lasting plasticity. Difficulties with culturing adult neurons have restricted such studies to preparations from embryonic, perinatal, and juvenile tissue. By improving the methods for(More)