Learn More
A new synthetic bone grafting substitute (NanoBone, ARTOSS GmbH, Germany) is presented. This is produced by a new technique, the sol-gel-method. This bone grafting substitute consists of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) and nanostructured silica (SiO2). By achieving a highly porous structure good osteoconductivity can be seen. In addition, the material(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics are widely used for bone reconstruction. They are osteoconductive and serve as structural scaffolds for the deposition of new bone. Generally, scaffold materials should be degradable as they affect the mechanical properties of the reconstructed bone negatively. Degradation by osteoclasts during the bone remodelling process is(More)
Supernumerary teeth are extra teeth or toothlike structures which may have either erupted or unerupted in addition to the 20 deciduous teeth and the 32 permanent teeth. This article provides an overview of frequency, distribution and classification of supernumerary teeth. The etiology of supernumerary teeth is still unknown, yet various theories have been(More)
Different clinical applications, including dentistry, are making increasing demands on bone grafting material. In the present study we have analysed the viability, proliferation and growth characteristics of fibroblasts cultured in vitro together with two different bone grafting materials, NanoBone and Straumann Bone Ceramic, over a period of 24 and 28 days(More)
The ultrastructure, fundamental chemistry, and processing modes of fully synthetic bone grafting materials are relevant to the reconstruction of osseous defects. Rapid progress in the profitable market of biomaterials has led to the development of various bone substitutes. Despite all these efforts, an ideal and full substitute of autologous bone is not yet(More)
Tooth loss, which interrupts the biocybernetic feedback circuit of the masticatory system, changes the structures of the jaw bone: such changes are termed "inactivity atrophy". The mandible is subject to vertical atrophy and the maxilla is primarily subject to horizontal atrophy. The mandible possesses more compact bone, the maxilla more spongy; the(More)
A novel bone formation material based on hydroxyapatite-xerogel is presented. With the use of the innovative sol-gel technology this material is produced in the low-temperature range by the addition of silicon dioxide; in its structure it mimics to a great extent the natural bone matrix. This results in high osteoconductivity and an osteoprotective effect(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteoplasty in cleft patients provides a basis for shaping a closed dental arch. This study aimed at a radiological appraisal of transplantation success following secondary osteoplasty by means of alveolar bone height as related to some selected influencing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, postoperative radiographs of 46 patients(More)
The temporary nature of orthodontic implants demands optimisation of size and design in order to minimise damage and risk to the patient. Slender and shorter miniscrews offer the advantage over conventional implants of easier and more ubiquitous positioning with minimised risk of injury to neighbouring anatomical structures such as tooth roots, nerves or(More)
Orthognathic surgery has become a standard procedure in cranio-maxillo-facial surgery during the past five decades. Based upon the elementary works by Obwegeser who introduced sagittal split ramus osteotomy in the early 1950s, this procedure has become the worldwide gold standard in mandibular orthognathic procedures by now. When devices for ensuring the(More)