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Hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics are widely used for bone reconstruction. They are osteoconductive and serve as structural scaffolds for the deposition of new bone. Generally, scaffold materials should be degradable as they affect the mechanical properties of the reconstructed bone negatively. Degradation by osteoclasts during the bone remodelling process is(More)
A new synthetic bone grafting substitute (NanoBone, ARTOSS GmbH, Germany) is presented. This is produced by a new technique, the sol-gel-method. This bone grafting substitute consists of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) and nanostructured silica (SiO2). By achieving a highly porous structure good osteoconductivity can be seen. In addition, the material(More)
The temporary nature of orthodontic implants demands optimisation of size and design in order to minimise damage and risk to the patient. Slender and shorter miniscrews offer the advantage over conventional implants of easier and more ubiquitous positioning with minimised risk of injury to neighbouring anatomical structures such as tooth roots, nerves or(More)
Supernumerary teeth are extra teeth or toothlike structures which may have either erupted or unerupted in addition to the 20 deciduous teeth and the 32 permanent teeth. This article provides an overview of frequency, distribution and classification of supernumerary teeth. The etiology of supernumerary teeth is still unknown, yet various theories have been(More)
Different clinical applications, including dentistry, are making increasing demands on bone grafting material. In the present study we have analysed the viability, proliferation and growth characteristics of fibroblasts cultured in vitro together with two different bone grafting materials, NanoBone and Straumann Bone Ceramic, over a period of 24 and 28 days(More)
BACKGROUND Primary stability is crucial to implants used for orthodontic anchorage. Bone condensing to enhance primary stability is controversial. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fourteen Frialit-2-stepped screw and cylinder implants were placed in the median palatine sutures of 22 cadaveric human heads. In half of both types, the implant bed was prepared using a(More)
The use of bone substitute materials in orthodontics is to be considered prior to orthodontic space closure after tooth extraction during the treatment of marked crowding as well as for treatment of residual defects in cleft-lip-and-palate children. In both cases the common objective is structure preservation or augmentation of the alveolar ridge. The(More)
The ultrastructure, fundamental chemistry, and processing modes of fully synthetic bone grafting materials are relevant to the reconstruction of osseous defects. Rapid progress in the profitable market of biomaterials has led to the development of various bone substitutes. Despite all these efforts, an ideal and full substitute of autologous bone is not yet(More)
Clefts of lip, alveolus and palate have been known for a long time. First tangible evidence of surgical therapy in terms of cheiloplasty, however, does not date further back than the 4th century after Christ. It was Werner Hagedorn from Magdeburg who laid the foundations of geometrical anatomical surgical lip repair in 1884. The procedures designed by(More)
Tooth loss, which interrupts the biocybernetic feedback circuit of the masticatory system, changes the structures of the jaw bone: such changes are termed "inactivity atrophy". The mandible is subject to vertical atrophy and the maxilla is primarily subject to horizontal atrophy. The mandible possesses more compact bone, the maxilla more spongy; the(More)