Thomas Bayerlein

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Hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics are widely used for bone reconstruction. They are osteoconductive and serve as structural scaffolds for the deposition of new bone. Generally, scaffold materials should be degradable as they affect the mechanical properties of the reconstructed bone negatively. Degradation by osteoclasts during the bone remodelling process is(More)
A new synthetic bone grafting substitute (NanoBone, ARTOSS GmbH, Germany) is presented. This is produced by a new technique, the sol-gel-method. This bone grafting substitute consists of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) and nanostructured silica (SiO2). By achieving a highly porous structure good osteoconductivity can be seen. In addition, the material(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteoplasty in cleft patients provides a basis for shaping a closed dental arch. This study aimed at a radiological appraisal of transplantation success following secondary osteoplasty by means of alveolar bone height as related to some selected influencing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, postoperative radiographs of 46 patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Particular importance is attached to lip repair cleft surgery, as numerous functional and aesthetic aspects have to be taken into account simultaneously. Spatial assessment of function and depiction of dynamic deviations is reasonable for describing surgical outcome in addition to long standing static analysis. This study aimed at 3D analysis(More)
The favourable mechanical properties and high biocompatibility of the newly developed mixed ceramics composed of zirconium oxide and aluminium oxide have continuously extended the scope of their application. Rotating instruments on a zirconium oxide basis are regarded as superior to metal burs in dentoalveolar surgery in terms of favourable temperature(More)
The temporary nature of orthodontic implants demands optimisation of size and design in order to minimise damage and risk to the patient. Slender and shorter miniscrews offer the advantage over conventional implants of easier and more ubiquitous positioning with minimised risk of injury to neighbouring anatomical structures such as tooth roots, nerves or(More)
Premature loss of dental implants is due, apart from mechanical factors, to germrelated inflammation. Gaps and hollow spaces within the implant system, for example the gap between implant and abutment in the two-part implant system, may provide a bacterial reservoir causing or maintaining inflammation. The bacterial spectrum involved is similar to that(More)
Different clinical applications, including dentistry, are making increasing demands on bone grafting material. In the present study we have analysed the viability, proliferation and growth characteristics of fibroblasts cultured in vitro together with two different bone grafting materials, NanoBone and Straumann Bone Ceramic, over a period of 24 and 28 days(More)
INTRODUCTION During the early development, numerous histological and morphometric changes occur in the cranial sutures the exact knowledge of which is of fundamental significance for understanding clinically relevant cranial anomalies. In this paper a histological and histomorphometric longitudinal study of the coronal, sagittal and lambdoid sutures in the(More)
Orthognathic surgery has become a standard procedure in cranio-maxillo-facial surgery during the past five decades. Based upon the elementary works by Obwegeser who introduced sagittal split ramus osteotomy in the early 1950s, this procedure has become the worldwide gold standard in mandibular orthognathic procedures by now. When devices for ensuring the(More)