Thomas Baum

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SUMMARY The standard diagnostic technique for assessing osteoporosis is dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measuring bone mass parameters. In this study, a combination of DXA and trabecular structure parameters (acquired by computed tomography [CT]) most accurately predicted the biomechanical strength of the proximal femur and allowed for a better prediction(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate changes in T1rho and T2 relaxation time in the meniscus using 3.0 T MRI in asymptomatic knees of marathon runners and to compare these findings with those of age-matched healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirteen marathon runners underwent 3.0 T MRI including T1rho and T2 mapping sequences before, 48-72 h after, and(More)
INTRODUCTION The goals of this study were (i) to compare the prevalence of focal knee abnormalities, the mean cartilage T2 relaxation time, and the spatial distribution of cartilage magnetic resonance (MR) T2 relaxation times between subjects with and without risk factors for Osteoarthritis (OA), (ii) to determine the relationship between MR cartilage T2(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to test the relative performance of chemical shift-based water-fat imaging in measuring bone marrow fat fraction in the presence of trabecular bone, having as reference standard the single-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS Six-echo gradient echo imaging and single-voxel MRS measurements were(More)
Administration of cholinergic substances by various routes has been reported to produce marked cardiovascular effects. The present study examined the influence of a muscarinic agonist, oxotremorine, on aspects of sympathetic function. The compound reduced blood pressure and spontaneous sympathetic outflow in anesthetized cats after blockade of peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is defined as a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength due to a reduction of bone mass and deterioration of bone microstructure predisposing an individual to an increased risk of fracture. Trabecular bone microstructure analysis and finite element models (FEM) have shown to improve the prediction of bone(More)
Besides the overall mass density, strength of trabecular bone depends significantly on its microstructure. However, due to dose constraints in medical CT imaging, it is impossible to gain sufficient information about very fine bone structures in vivo on the micrometer scale. Here we show that a recently developed method of X-ray vector radiography (XVR), an(More)
X-ray dark-field scatter imaging allows to gain information on the average local direction and anisotropy of micro-structural features in a sample well below the actual detector resolution. For thin samples the morphological interpretation of the signal is straight forward, provided that only one average orientation of sub-pixel features is present in the(More)
PURPOSE To experimentally validate a non-linear finite element analysis (FEA) modeling approach assessing in-vitro fracture risk at the proximal femur and to transfer the method to standard in-vivo multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) data of the hip aiming to predict additional hip fracture risk in subjects with and without osteoporosis associated(More)