Thomas Baum

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SUMMARY The standard diagnostic technique for assessing osteoporosis is dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measuring bone mass parameters. In this study, a combination of DXA and trabecular structure parameters (acquired by computed tomography [CT]) most accurately predicted the biomechanical strength of the proximal femur and allowed for a better prediction(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate changes in T1rho and T2 relaxation time in the meniscus using 3.0 T MRI in asymptomatic knees of marathon runners and to compare these findings with those of age-matched healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirteen marathon runners underwent 3.0 T MRI including T1rho and T2 mapping sequences before, 48-72 h after, and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to test the relative performance of chemical shift-based water-fat imaging in measuring bone marrow fat fraction in the presence of trabecular bone, having as reference standard the single-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS Six-echo gradient echo imaging and single-voxel MRS measurements were(More)
INTRODUCTION The goals of this study were (i) to compare the prevalence of focal knee abnormalities, the mean cartilage T2 relaxation time, and the spatial distribution of cartilage magnetic resonance (MR) T2 relaxation times between subjects with and without risk factors for Osteoarthritis (OA), (ii) to determine the relationship between MR cartilage T2(More)
Besides the overall mass density, strength of trabecular bone depends significantly on its microstructure. However, due to dose constraints in medical CT imaging, it is impossible to gain sufficient information about very fine bone structures in vivo on the micrometer scale. Here we show that a recently developed method of X-ray vector radiography (XVR), an(More)
X-ray dark-field scatter imaging allows to gain information on the average local direction and anisotropy of micro-structural features in a sample well below the actual detector resolution. For thin samples the morphological interpretation of the signal is straight forward, provided that only one average orientation of sub-pixel features is present in the(More)
The authors present their experience with a relatively uncomplicated, rapid technique for elevation of the lateral eyebrow and a simultaneous correction of eyelid hooding that is secondary to the descent of the eyebrow. The procedure is designed for all patients requiring lateral brow elevation, either separately or in combination with other procedures. The(More)
BACKGROUND New quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques are increasingly applied as outcome measures after cartilage repair. OBJECTIVE To review the current literature on the use of quantitative MRI biomarkers for evaluation of cartilage repair at the knee and ankle. METHODS Using PubMed literature research, studies on biochemical,(More)
PURPOSE To propose and optimize diffusion-weighted stimulated echo acquisition mode (DW-STEAM) for measuring fat unsaturation in the presence of a strong water signal by suppressing the water signal based on a shorter T2 and higher diffusivity of water relative to fat. METHODS A parameter study for point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) and STEAM using oil(More)