Thomas Bauch

Learn More
In the last decade the 'comet assay' or 'single cell gel electrophoresis assay' has been established as a sensitive method for the detection of DNA damage and the measurement of its recovery. The results published in the literature have often been obtained with different methods for comet structure measurement. In most cases these data are not comparable(More)
PURPOSE The glucose analog and glycolytic inhibitor, 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), has been shown to differentially enhance the radiation damage in tumor cells by inhibiting the postirradiation repair processes. The present study was undertaken to examine the relationship between 2-DG-induced modification of energy metabolism and cellular radioresponses and to(More)
We used the 'comet assay' to compare the amount of radiation-induced DNA damage in three tumour cell lines (MeWo, PECA 4451 and PECA 4197) and the extent of DNA repair in two of these lines (MeWo and PECA 4197). Tumour cells were irradiated with X-rays (0.1-10 Gy), embedded in agarose on slides, lysed with sodium dodecyl sulphate and exposed to an electric(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a DNA binding zinc finger protein that catalyzes the transfer of ADP-ribose residues from NAD(+) to itself and different chromatin constituents, forming branched ADP-ribose polymers. The enzymatic activity of PARP is induced upon DNA damage and the PARP protein is cleaved during apoptosis, which suggested a role of PARP(More)
BACKGROUND Recently the "comet assay" or "single-cell gel electrophoresis assay" has been established as a sensitive method for the detection of DNA damage and repair. Most of the software now available to quantify various parameters for DNA damage requires the interaction of a human observer. In this report, we describe an automated analysis system that is(More)
It has been frequently suggested that the adaptive response to ionizing radiation involves the induction of a chromosomal repair mechanism. Although several lines of evidence favour this assumption, direct proof is lacking. We have chosen to study this question with the help of the comet assay. Lymphocytes from three human donors were given an adapting dose(More)
PURPOSE Up to 90% of hereditary breast cancer cases are linked to germ-line mutations in one of the two copies of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. Brca1 and Brca2 proteins are both involved in the cellular defence against DNA damage, although the precise function of the proteins is still not known. Some studies on a small number of samples as well as the present(More)
We compared the amount of radiation-induced DNA damage and the extent of DNA repair in human melanoma cells (MeWo) using the 'comet assay' after neutron, boron neutron capture and X-irradiation. Using a colony-forming assay it was shown earlier that lethal effects in tumour cells treated with fast neutrons may be increased by the neutron capture reaction(More)
It is well known that under specific conditions caffeine is able to enhance radiation risk of mammalian cells by a factor of approximately 1.5-2. Various mechanisms are discussed in the literature as possible explanations for this interaction. Inhibition of DNA repair plays a crucial role in the discussion, although direct evidence for this assumption is(More)
Lymphocytes of healthy volunteers (n = 24) and of tumour patients (n = 30, 18 of whom had experienced severe side-effects) were irradiated with x-rays in vitro. DNA damage was analysed after 0.25-2 Gy and DNA repair after 2 Gy, and quantification of both endpoints was done by the comet assay. The individual differences in radiation-induced DNA damage as(More)