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Annelid systematics and the ingroup relationships of polychaete annelids are matter of ongoing debates in recent analyses. For the investigation of sedentary polychaete relationships a molecular phylogenetic analysis was conducted based on 94 sequences of 18S rDNA, including unpublished sequences of 13 polychaete species. The data set was analyzed with(More)
Setation is an important taxonomic character of the Annelida. Within this taxon, Terebellida and Sabellida both have transverse rows of short, apically toothed setae which are situated inside the neuropodial rim. The apical spines are curved and their tips point anteriorly. These setae are termed uncini. In the terebellidans Pectinaria koreni, Pectinaria(More)
Different developmental stages (trochophores, nectochaetae, non-mature and mature adults) of Anaitides mucosa were investigated ultrastructurally. A. mucosa has protonephridia throughout its life; during maturity a ciliated funnel is attached to these organs. The protonephridial duct cells are multiciliated, while the terminal cells are monociliated. The(More)
Polychaetes assigned as Scoloplos armiger (Orbiniidae) show a cosmopolitan distribution and have been encountered in all zoogeographic regions. Sibling S. armiger-like species have been revealed by recent studies using RAPDs and AFLP genetic data. We sequenced a ~12 kb fragment of the Scoloplos cf. armiger mitochondrial genome and developed primers for(More)
The actinotrocha of Phoronis muelleri has one pair of ectodermally derived, monociliated protonephridia. The duct runs mainly between the epidermis and the lining of the hyposphere coelom, pierces the septum and extends into the blastocoel. The proximal part is branched and closed up by terminal complexes consisting of two morphologically different cells(More)
The new animal phylogeny established several taxa which were not identified by morphological analyses, most prominently the Ecdysozoa (arthropods, roundworms, priapulids and others) and Lophotrochozoa (molluscs, annelids, brachiopods and others). Lophotrochozoan interrelationships are under discussion, e.g. regarding the position of Nemertea (ribbon worms),(More)
Relationships of annelid subtaxa are controversially discussed and additional markers are necessarily needed to get further insights into their evolution. Due to their high content of information, mitochondrial genomes have been proven very useful in phylogenetic analyses. Whereas many complete mitochondrial genomes of arthropods are available,(More)
Annelid phylogeny is one of the largest unresolved problems within the Metazoa. This is due to the enormous age of this taxon and also strongly influenced by the current discussion on the position of the Arthropoda, which traditionally is hypothesized to be the annelid sister taxon. Within the framework of recent discussions on the position of the Annelida,(More)
Mitochondrial genomes are a valuable source of data for analysing phylogenetic relationships. Besides sequence information, mitochondrial gene order may add phylogenetically useful information, too. Sipuncula are unsegmented marine worms, traditionally placed in their own phylum. Recent molecular and morphological findings suggest a close affinity to the(More)