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1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) is known primarily as a regulator of calcium, but 1,25D also promotes phosphate absorption from intestine, reabsorption from kidney, and bone mineral resorption. FGF23 is a newly discovered phosphaturic hormone that, like PTH, lowers serum phosphate by inhibiting renal reabsorption via Npt2a. We show that 1,25D strongly(More)
The nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) binds 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D), its high affinity renal endocrine ligand, to signal intestinal calcium and phosphate absorption plus bone remodeling, generating a mineralized skeleton free of rickets/osteomalacia with a reduced risk of osteoporotic fractures. 1,25D/VDR signaling regulates the expression of TRPV6,(More)
PURPOSE The incidence of bone metastasis in advanced breast cancer (BrCa) exceeds 70%. Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor used for the treatment of multiple myeloma, also promotes bone formation. We tested the hypothesis that proteasome inhibitors can ameliorate BrCa osteolytic disease. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To address the potentially beneficial effect of(More)
BACKGROUND The Cartilage Regeneration System (CaReS) is a novel matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) technique for the treatment of chondral and osteochondral lesions (Outerbridge grades III and IV). For this technology, no expansion of the chondrocytes in a monolayer culture is needed, and a homogeneous cell distribution within the(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate the biomechanical effects of different types of braces that are used in the treatment of patients with epicondylitis radialis. Vibration and acceleration of the forearm and the elbow were measured with sensors taped to defined anatomic points on the skin surface. The impact-induced vibration of the racket-arm(More)
To evaluate changes in the response of capsuloligamentous restraints to translatory forces and rotation torques caused by experimental capsulorrhaphy (T-shift modification of Bankart repair), eight cadaveric shoulders were tested. Measurements were taken in intact and vented specimens, after severance of the anterior capsule at the glenoid rim (creating an(More)
INTRODUCTION Nail-patella-syndrome (NPS) is a rare autosomal-dominant inherited disease with pathologies of nails, skeleton, kidneys, and eyes. Linkage to a mutated gene was found. It codes for the transcription-factor LMX1B. In most cases knees are symptomatic. Patients have hypoplastic patellae, which are laterally subluxated. In those individuals a(More)
BACKGROUND Calcification of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee is a very rare disease. We report on a case of a patient with a calcifying lesion within the MCL and simultaneous calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff in both shoulders. CASE PRESENTATION Calcification of the MCL was diagnosed both via x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging(More)