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The vitamin D hormone, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)], binds with high affinity to the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR), which recruits its retinoid X receptor (RXR) heterodimeric partner to recognize vitamin D responsive elements (VDREs) in target genes. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) is known primarily as a regulator of calcium, but it also controls(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) is known primarily as a regulator of calcium, but 1,25D also promotes phosphate absorption from intestine, reabsorption from kidney, and bone mineral resorption. FGF23 is a newly discovered phosphaturic hormone that, like PTH, lowers serum phosphate by inhibiting renal reabsorption via Npt2a. We show that 1,25D strongly(More)
BACKGROUND Disruptions of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee joint are common and are currently treated using ligament or tendon grafts. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that it is possible to fabricate an ACL construct in vitro using mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in combination with an optimized collagen type I hydrogel, which is in(More)
We performed a randomized, prospective study on the prophylaxis of heterotopic ossification (HO) after total hip arthroplasty (THR), comparing indomethacin and the selective COX-2 inhibitor meloxicam. From the day after surgery, 272 patients were treated with 7.5 mg meloxicam, 15 mg meloxicam, or 2 x 50 mg indomethacin a day, for 14 days. After 6 months,(More)
Most instabilities or pain syndromes are associated with injuries or morphologic changes in the glenoid labrum complex or long head of the biceps tendon origin. The first anatomic descriptions go back to Fick in 1910 and since then many authors have described the anatomy of these structures. It was Snyder who introduced the term SLAP lesions, classifying(More)
We present a generic approach to the condensed-matter ground-state problem which is complementary to variational techniques and works directly in the thermodynamic limit. Relaxing the ground-state problem, we obtain semidefinite programs (SDP). These can be solved efficiently, yielding strict lower bounds to the ground-state energy and approximations to the(More)
PURPOSE Revision hip arthroplasty using a modular head-neck adapter gives the possibility of keeping a well-fixed femoral component while revising the acetabular prosthesis or femoral head and adapt leg length and femoral offset to the individual anatomy intraoperatively. The success of this kind of surgery is still unclear due to the lack of medium- to(More)
The nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) binds 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D), its high affinity renal endocrine ligand, to signal intestinal calcium and phosphate absorption plus bone remodeling, generating a mineralized skeleton free of rickets/osteomalacia with a reduced risk of osteoporotic fractures. 1,25D/VDR signaling regulates the expression of TRPV6,(More)
When ruptured, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the human knee has limited regenerative potential. However, the goal of this report was to show that the cells that migrate out of the human ACL constitute a rich population of progenitor cells and we hypothesize that they display mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) characteristics when compared with adherent(More)
PURPOSE Two prospective trials were undertaken to assess the comparative efficacy of early postoperative irradiation with different radiation doses versus the postoperative use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) for prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO) following prothetic total hip replacement (THP). PATIENTS AND METHOD Between 1992 and(More)