Learn More
—We present a novel approach to finding a correspondence (alignment) between two curves. The correspondence is based on a notion of an alignment curve which treats both curves symmetrically. We then define a similarity metric based on the alignment curve using two intrinsic properties of the curve, namely, length and curvature. The optimal correspondence is(More)
This paper presents a novel framework for the recognition of objects based on their silhouettes. The main idea is to measure the distance between two shapes as the minimum extent of deformation necessary for one shape to match the other. Since the space of deformations is very high-dimensional, three steps are taken to make the search practical: 1) define(More)
This paper presents a novel recognition framework which is based on matching shock graphs of 2D shape outlines, where the distance between two shapes is defined to be the cost of the least action path deforming one shape to another. Three key ideas render the implementation of this framework practical. First, the shape space is partitioned by defining an(More)
The type of representation used in describing shape can have a significant impact on the effectiveness and efficiency of a recognition strategy. Shape has been represented by a point set, outline curve and the shock graph (or medial axis). The curve-based representation can be viewed as point-based representation with additional organization, namely, order(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) are basic region leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors that regulate cell differentiation, growth, survival, and inflammation. To understand the molecular basis of DNA recognition by the C/EBP family we determined the x-ray structure of a C/EBPalpha bZIP polypeptide bound to its cognate DNA site(More)
The bZIP transcription factor C/EBPbeta is a target of Ras signaling that has been implicated in Ras-induced transformation and oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). To gain insights into Ras-C/EBPbeta signaling, we investigated C/EBPbeta activation by oncogenic Ras. We show that C/EBPbeta DNA binding is autorepressed and becomes activated by the(More)
The degrees-of-freedom associated with offshore floating wind turbines (OFWTs) result in a more dynamic flow field. The resulting aerodynamic loads may be significantly influenced by these motions via perturbations in the evolving wake. This is of great interest in terms of OFWT design, placement and simulation. This study presents free vortex wake method(More)
The in vivo investigation of joint kinematics in normal and injured wrist requires the segmentation of carpal bones from 3D (CT) images, and their registration over time. The non-uniformity of bone tissue, ranging from dense cortical bone to textured spongy bone, the irregular shape of closely packed carpal bones, small inter-bone spaces compared to the(More)
This paper examines issues arising in applying a previously developed edit-distance shock graph matching technique to indexing into large shape databases. This approach compares the shock graph topology and attributes to produce a similarity metric, and results in 100% recognition rate in querying a database of approximately 200 shapes. However, indexing(More)