Thomas B. Reed

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We report 220 GHz Solid State Power Amplifier (SSPA) using a 250nm Indium Phosphide HBT technology. Amplifiers reported include designs having 2 and 4 power combined cells. The 4-cell amplifiers exhibited 10 dB small signal gain and 48.8 mW of output power with 4.5 dB gain at 220 GHz. These amplifiers have a 3-dB small signal bandwidth of greater than 48(More)
The use of charcoal as a soil amendment and for CO2 sequestration raises many questions about the characteristics of those “biochars” and their impacts on soils and organisms. This paper reviews and revises the analyses of the principal characteristics used to distinguish biochars, and presents a small survey of measured properties. Explicit terminology is(More)
A solid state power amplifier MMIC is demonstrated with 180mW of saturated output power at 214GHz, from an unthinned die, and a small signal S21 gain of 22.0dB. 3-dB bandwidth extends from below 210GHz to 230GHz. PDC is 12.9W. PA Cell design uses a 250nm InP HBT process and a novel three-port tuning network. Three levels of on-wafer power combining in(More)
A 220 GHz Solid State Power Amplifer MMIC is presented simultaneously demonstrating 90mW output power P<sub>out</sub> and 8.2dB compressed gain. This 2-Stage, 8-Cell amplifier has 14.8 dB S21 gain at 220GHz, with small signal bandwidth from at least 190 to 240GHz. P<sub>DC</sub> is 4.46W. Amplifier cells were fabricated from a 250nm InP HBT technology,(More)
A 220 GHz solid state power amplifier MMIC is presented demonstrating 58.4 mW of output power with 5.4dB compressed gain. The 8-cell amplifier has a small signal gain of 8.9 dB at 220 GHz, and 3-dB bandwidth from 206 to 242GHz. Amplifier cells are formed using a 250nm InP HBT technology and a 5um BCB thin-film, non-inverted microstrip wiring environment.(More)
We believe that methanol is the most versatile synthetic fuel available and its use could stretch or eventually substitute for, the disappearing reserves of low-cost petroleum resources. Methanol could be used now as a means for marketing economically the natural gas that is otherwise going to waste in remote locations. If methanol were used as an additive(More)
A highly integrated 40 Gbit/s coherent optical receiver is reported using a Costas loop as a homodyne optical phase locked loop (OPLL). A photonic IC, an electrical IC, and a hybrid loop filter are characterized, and the feedback loop system is fully analyzed to build a stable homodyne OPLL. All components are integrated on a single substrate within the(More)
We report a PLL IC for locking, at a controlled frequency offset between 1 and 20 GHz, the optical phase and optical frequency of a slave semiconductor laser to that of a reference semiconductor laser. The IC, implemented in a 500 nm InP HBT process, contains an ECL digital single-sideband mixer to provide phase-locking at a +/20 GHz offset frequency, and(More)
Through the millennia wood stoves for cooking have been notoriously inefficient and slow. Electricity, gas or liquid fuels are preferred for cooking when they can be obtained. In the last few decades a number of improvements have been made in woodstoves, but still the improved wood stoves are difficult to control and manufacture and are often not accepted(More)
An integrated circuit (IC) for heterodyne optical phase locking in a 1-20-GHz offset range is hereby reported. The IC, implemented in a 500-nm InP HBT process, contains an emitter coupled logic digital single-sideband mixer to provide phase locking at a &#x00B1; 20-GHz offset frequency, and a wideband phase-frequency detector designed to provide loop(More)