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Recruitment of inflammatory leukocytes to the injured spinal cord is a physiological response that is associated with the production of cytokines and proteinases that are involved in host defense and wound repair. Cells in the spinal cord are mainly post-mitotic and tissue regeneration is poor; thus, these inflammatory mediators can exacerbate the damage to(More)
Lymphocytes respond to myelin proteins after spinal cord injury (SCI) and may contribute to post-traumatic secondary degeneration. However, there is increasing evidence that autoreactive T-lymphocytes may also convey neuroprotection and promote functional recovery after CNS injury. To clarify the role of myelin autoreactive lymphocytes after SCI, we(More)
Spinal contusion pathology in rats and mice is distinct. Cystic cavities form at the impact site in rats while a dense connective tissue matrix occupies the injury site in mice. Because inflammatory cells coordinate mechanisms of tissue injury and repair, we evaluated whether the unique anatomical presentation in spinally injured rats and mice is associated(More)
Myelin-reactive T-cells are activated by traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in rodents and humans. Despite the historical association of these cells with experimental and clinical neuropathology, recent data suggest a neuroprotective role for myelin-reactive T-cells. Because of the biological and therapeutic implications of these findings, we attempted to(More)
The intraspinal cues that orchestrate T-cell migration and activation after spinal contusion injury were characterized using B10.PL (wild-type) and transgenic (Tg) mice with a T-cell repertoire biased toward recognition of myelin basic protein (MBP). Previously, we showed that these strains exhibit distinct anatomical and behavioral phenotypes. In Tg mice,(More)
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are highly susceptible to infection. This post-traumatic immune suppression is thought to occur via alterations in sympathetic nervous system (SNS) or hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function. Normally, the HPA axis and SNS help coordinate proper immune function. After SCI, the HPA axis becomes activated(More)
The Levitron® is a popular toy that provides a unique and interesting demonstration of levitation using permanent magnets. It consists of a small, spinning magnetic top and a magnetic base plate. Stable levitation is possible because of a unique coupling of the magnetic forces and torques with the gyroscopic action of the top. A simple theory of its(More)
Identifying the experimental methods in human neuroimaging papers is important for grouping meaningfully similar experiments for meta-analyses. Currently, this can only be done by human readers. We present the performance of common machine learning (text mining) methods applied to the problem of automatically classifying or labeling this literature.(More)
Dielectrophoretic (DEP) droplet dispensing using dielectric-coated coplanar electrode structures provides an ideal platform for testing smart control systems for high-speed microfluidic devices. Open-loop control of DEP droplet dispensing is not sufficiently robust for precision droplet dispensing because unavoidable surface property variations of the(More)