Thomas Arnebrant

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The phenomenon of protein adsorption to solid surfaces affects the performance of many materials and processes, in areas ranging from medicine to biochemical engineering. Controlling protein adsorption, from solutions of single proteins as well as from more complex mixtures, requires an understanding of the mechanism(s) by which it occurs. This, in turn,(More)
Hypo-salivation, related to medical remedies, is an increasing clinical problem. Studies report a weak correlation between subjective mouth dryness and objective sialometry. This indicates that both quantity and quality of saliva are important for the surface-associated functions of saliva, such as lubrication and hydration, to be expressed. Film-forming(More)
Water sorption isotherms of proteins are usually interpreted with such models as BET or GAB that imply the formation of multilayers at solid-gas interface. However, this approach is not applicable to globular proteins such as humid lysozyme where a solid-gas interface does not exist. Another popular approach is the D'Arcy-Watt model, where besides the(More)
Delmopinol hydrochloride is a highly surface active substance which has been shown to reduce the amount of plaque in vitro and in vivo and the level of gingivitis in vivo. Ellipsometry was used to evaluate the effect of delmopinol on films formed from whole, parotid and sublingual/submandibular saliva on solid surfaces. Hydrophilic plasma cleaned silica and(More)
This paper deals with enzymatic removal of dental plaque, in vitro as well as in vivo, using proteases from the Antarctic krill shrimp (Euphausia superba), referred to as Krillase. Krillase exhibits both endo- and exopeptidase activity but has no microbicidal effect. In model systems with pure cultures of oral microorganisms. Krillase demonstrated(More)
Here we present unequivocal experimental proof that microscale cofactor- and membrane-less, direct electron transfer based enzymatic fuel cells do produce significant amounts of electrical energy in human lachrymal liquid (tears). 100 μm diameter gold wires, covered with 17 nm gold nanoparticles, were used to fashion three-dimensional nanostructured(More)
The filamentous bacterium Microthrix parvicella causes severe separation and foaming problems at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). An effective control of the bacterium in activated sludge WWTPs can be accomplished by dosage with polyaluminium chloride (PAX-14). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether addition of PAX-14 affects surface(More)
Lipid-based particles (Cubosome particles) were surface-modified by chitosan and the ratio between particles and chitosan was optimized to minimize the free chitosan concentration in the dispersion. The modified particles were characterized by electrophoretic measurements and the pH dependence of the zeta potential could be directly related to the(More)
The adsorption of proteins from human whole saliva (HWS) onto silica and hydroxyapatite surfaces (HA) was followed by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and ellipsometry. The influence of different surface properties and adsorption media (water and PBS) on the adsorption from saliva was studied. The viscoelastic properties of the salivary(More)
The aim of this paper was to elucidate the mechanisms behind salivary lubrication with special emphasis on the lubricity of three key components of the pellicle, viz human acidic proline-rich protein 1 (PRP-1), human statherin and bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM). The lubricating properties of the proteins have been assessed by means of colloidal probe(More)